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Using a Sam-Based Model to Measure the Distributional Impacts of Government Policies

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  • Susana Santos

Abstract

A Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) will be proposed as a working instrument for studying the (macro-)impacts of government policy on the distribution of income. A numerical version of the SAM, constructed from the System of National Accounts (SNA), will serve as the basis for the construction of an algebraic version of the same matrix for Portugal. To this end, a computable (numerically solvable) general (economy-wide) equilibrium (macroeconomic balance) approach will be adopted. A SAM-based model will be constructed, in which each cell is defined with a linear equation or system of equations, whose components are all the known and quantified transactions of the SNA, using parameters deduced from the numerical SAM that served as the basis for this model. A scenario will be defined and analysed from an experiment carried out in relation to the distributional impact of a reduction in the direct tax rate paid by households.

Suggested Citation

  • Susana Santos, 2009. "Using a Sam-Based Model to Measure the Distributional Impacts of Government Policies," Working Papers Department of Economics 2009/31, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
  • Handle: RePEc:ise:isegwp:wp312009
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    File URL: http://pascal.iseg.utl.pt/~depeco/wp/wp312009.pdf
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    1. Santos, Susana G., 2004. "Portuguese net borrowing and the government budget balance: A SAM approach," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, pages 703-717.
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    Cited by:

    1. Costa, Leonor Freire & Rocha, Maria Manuela & Ara├║jo, Tanya, 2011. "Social capital and economic performance: trust and distrust in eighteenth-century gold shipments from Brazil," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(01), pages 1-27, April.

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