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Targeting and Coverage of the Bolsa Família Programme: Why Knowing What You Measure Is Important In Choosing the Numbers


  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares

    () (Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA))

  • Rafael Perez Ribas

    () (International Poverty Centre)

  • Fabio Veras Soares

    () (International Poverty Centre)


The trade-off between targeting and coverage has always been something of a quandary for progressive cash transfers, particularly those that are not entitlements. Undue inclusion errors mean that families or individuals whose need is not so great are being paid at the expense of either taxpayers or other budgetary priorities. Undue exclusion errors mean that those who are in need, sometimes in desperate need, are not being helped by the state. This trade-off is somewhat less extreme for entitlements. If the law says that families whose income is less than a quarter of a minimum wage are entitled to a given cash allowance, then all those whose income falls under that line should receive the allowance. There is still a trade-off because measurement error still occurs, but the discussion centres only on the inclusion criteria. Most conditional cash transfers (CCTs), however, are not entitlements. (...)

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  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares & Rafael Perez Ribas & Fabio Veras Soares, 2010. "Targeting and Coverage of the Bolsa Família Programme: Why Knowing What You Measure Is Important In Choosing the Numbers," Working Papers 71, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipc:wpaper:71

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rafael Perez Ribas & Ana Flávia Machado, 2007. "Distinguishing Chronic Poverty from Transient Poverty in Brazil: Developing a Model for Pseudo-Panel Data," Working Papers 36, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis F. Lopez-Calva & Sonia Rocha, 2012. "Exiting Belindia? Lesson from the Recent Decline in Income Inequality in Brazil," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12808, The World Bank.
    2. Upasak Das, 2015. "Rationing and Accuracy of Targeting in India: The Case of the Rural Employment Guarantee Act," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(3), pages 361-378, September.
    3. Corley-Coulibaly, Marva. & Khatiwada, Sameer. & Prasad, Naren. & Sekerler Richiaradi, Pelin., 2011. "Tunisia : a new social contract for fair and equitable growth," Studies on Growth with Equity, International Labour Office, Research Department, number 994670603402676, June.
    4. Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares, 2012. "Bolsa Família, its Design, its Impacts and Possibilities for the Future," Working Papers 89, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    5. International Labour Office & International Institute for Labour Studies, 2011. "Tunisia : a new social contract for fair and equitable growth," Studies on Growth with Equity 467060, International Labour Office, Research Department.
    6. Juan M. Villa, 2016. "Social Transfers and Growth: Evidence from Luminosity Data," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65(1), pages 39-61.

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