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El ALCA y el destino de la inversión extranjera directa

  • Eduardo Levy Yeyati
  • Ernesto H. Stein
  • Christian Daude

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) El papel de los acuerdos de integración regional como factor determinante de la ubicación de la inversión extranjera directa (IED) se ha ido convirtiendo en un problema cada vez más importante para las economías en desarrollo. En América Latina, es probable que los mayores efectos guarden relación con el Acuerdo de Libre Comercio de las Américas (ALCA). Esto suscita una serie de preguntas altamente pertinentes: Por ejemplo, ¿qué efecto tendrá el ALCA en la IED proveniente de EE. UU. y Canadá destinada a países latinoamericanos? ¿Cómo afectará eso a la IED proveniente del resto del mundo? ¿Cuáles son las implicaciones para un país como México, cuyo acceso preferencial a EE. UU. puede verse menoscabado? ¿Hay que anticipar que habrá ganadores y perdedores, y, de ser así, qué es lo que determina si un país dado gana o pierde? Para responder a estas preguntas, en este trabajo analizamos las repercusiones de la integración regional de la IED e intentamos sacar conclusiones sobre los efectos probables del ALCA en los países de América Latina.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4342.

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Date of creation: Jul 2003
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4342
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