Russia’s Informal Economic Growth: 1960–1990
This paper studies the historical GDP of Russia from perspective informal economy. We re-estimate nominal and real informal GDP in the period 1960–1990, using the expenditure approach and declassified archival materials of household budget surveys. The main findings are as follows. First, previously estimated values of Russia’s nominal GDP were underestimated, on average, by about 12.6% for 1960–1990, due to ignoring informal GDP. Second, after including informal GDP, we find that economic growth is 15–39 percentage points lower during this period, which corresponds to differences in the annual growth rate in the range of 0.24–0.38 percentage points.
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- Kuboniwa, Masaaki, 1997. "Economic Growth in Postwar Russia: Estimating GDP," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 38(1), pages 21-32, June.
- Richard E Ericson, 2006. "Command Versus ‘Shadow’: The Conflicted Soul of the Soviet Economy1," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 48(1), pages 50-76, March.
- Kim, Byung-Yeon, 2003. "Informal economy activities of Soviet households: size and dynamics," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 532-551, September.
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