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Determinants of former combatants’ attitudes toward transitional justice


  • Sarah Zukerman Daly

    () (University of Notre Dame)


The transitional justice literature has made important advances in understanding the determinants of transitional justice and citizens’ views of this form of justice. However, the attitudes of former combatants toward policies aimed at addressing human rights violations have received less attention. This article draws on original survey data of Colombian ex-paramilitaries. Ex-paramilitaries vary significantly in their attitudes toward their victims’ status and rights and their participation in the armed conflict. To explain variation in their support for transitional justice, I analyze individual, group and context-level variables relating to the ex-combatants’ conflict and reintegration experiences. The data suggest that the post-war relationships between the ex-combatants and the communities in which they reside prove highly influential in accounting for individual attitudes toward transitional justice. The extent of collective culpability and of socialization into armed groups’ norms of violence also has leverage in explaining variation in victimizers’ attitudes. The study has implications for the current peace process with the FARC and prospects for transitional justice and an end to violence in Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Zukerman Daly, 2016. "Determinants of former combatants’ attitudes toward transitional justice," HiCN Working Papers 235, Households in Conflict Network.
  • Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:235

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael J. Gilligan & Eric N. Mvukiyehe & Cyrus Samii, 2013. "Reintegrating Rebels into Civilian Life," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 57(4), pages 598-626, August.
    2. Bateson, Regina, 2012. "Crime Victimization and Political Participation," American Political Science Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 106(3), pages 570-587, August.
    3. Jeannie Annan & Christopher Blattman & Dyan Mazurana & Khristopher Carlson, 2011. "Civil War, Reintegration, and Gender in Northern Uganda," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 55(6), pages 877-908, December.
    4. Cyrus Samii, 2013. "Who wants to forgive and forget? Transitional justice preferences in postwar Burundi," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 50(2), pages 219-233, March.
    5. Macartan Humphreys & Jeremy M. Weinstein, 2007. "Demobilization and Reintegration," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 51(4), pages 531-567, August.
    6. Kathryn Sikkink & Carrie Booth Walling, 2007. "The Impact of Human Rights Trials in Latin America," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 44(4), pages 427-445, July.
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    1. Ivankina, Elena & Bogomolny, Evgeny & Kosareva, Elena & Lischenko, Vitaly, "undated". "Adaptation of the International Experience in Regulating the Real Estate Market in Modern Russia," Published Papers nvg141, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.

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