The Impact of a Break-Through Rule on European Firms
We analyze the impact of a 75 pct. Break-Through rule on 1,035 European firms with dual class shares. In 3-5 pct. of the firms the controlling owners incur a direct loss of control, whereas in additional 11-17 pct. of the firms the controlling owners are likely to incur a control loss. Firms in Germany, Italy and the Scandinavian countries are more likely to incur a control loss. We continue to estimate the restrictions that the Break-Through rule puts on these firms’ ability to issue new shares to outsiders without changing the control structure. We conclude that a significant number of the firms with dual class shares in the European Union will be affected by a 75 pct. Break- Through rule.
|Date of creation:||01 Oct 2002|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School, Solbjerg Plads 3 C, 5. sal, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark|
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NBER Working Papers
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