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Importance of Animation Actions in the Operation of Hungarian Local Action Groups


  • Judit Katona-Kovacs

    () (University of Debrecen, Hungary)

  • Chris High

    () (Open University, United Kingdom)

  • Gusztav Nemes

    () (Institute of Economics - Hungarian Academy of Sciences)


The EU LEADER initiative has been running for 20 years and plays an important role in the development of European rural areas, however, in countries joining to the EU after 2004 it is still a relatively new phenomenon. In Hungary, for example, the LEADER+ programme was launched in 2005 with an experimental phase (called a "LEADER type initiative") and has developed to be a fully applied EU programme only in the current programming period. This paper explores the implementation of the LEADER programme in eastern Hungary. The examined Local Action Groups face diverse challenges concerning human, social, physical and financial capital, networks and social learning. The study investigates the opportunities and threats faced by the LAGs, with special regard to institutions, governance and applied initiatives. The roles of the LAGs within the social, economic and cultural context of given areas are examined through Lukesch's (2007) model FOG - forms of governance. The model is a tool to explore the interrelationships local partnership, local needs and local socio-cultural environment. The results of the FOG test show that the prevailing mode of governance in the examined LAGs emphasises animation actions as important elements of operation. Although the importance of animation actions is underlined by the result of the test, their presence between the initiatives is less than it should be. Good examples of animation actions are given: participatory video and a case study of its Hungarian application are introduced. Finally the role of Universities in animation actions is emphasised and closer relation of them with RD networks is called for.

Suggested Citation

  • Judit Katona-Kovacs & Chris High & Gusztav Nemes, 2011. "Importance of Animation Actions in the Operation of Hungarian Local Action Groups," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1138, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:has:discpr:1138

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    Cited by:

    1. Pollermann, Kim & Raue, Petra & Schnaut, Gitta, 2016. "Implementation and impacts of the LEADER-approach – reflections on the intervention logic of a participatory approach for rural development," EconStor Conference Papers 148578, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    2. Katona-Kovacs, Judit & Bóta-Horváth, Noémi, 2012. "Rural Team-Entrepreneurs: An Answer to Innovative, Multi-Disciplinary Human Capital Education," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 15(A).
    3. Katona-Kovacs, Judit & Kalmár-Hollósi, Erika & Bóta-Horváth, Noémi, 9. "Possible Role of Universities in Shortening the Timescale of Change of Social Embeddedness through Participatory Actions," Rural Areas and Development, European Rural Development Network, vol. 9.
    4. Pollermann, Kim & Raue, Petra & Schnaut, Gitta, 2013. "Contributions for the quality of life through a participative approach for rural development – Experiences from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Eastern Germany)," EconStor Conference Papers 88597, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    5. Szabo, G. Gabor & Baranyai, Zsolt & Barta, Istvan, 2014. "Sustainability of Emerging Agricultural Co-operatives in the New Member States of the EU: Hungarian Experience," 142nd Seminar, May 29-30, 2014, Budapest, Hungary 170295, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Kim Pollermann & Petra Raue & Gitta Schnaut, 2014. "Multi-level Governance in Rural Development: Analysing Experiences from LEADER for a Community-Led Local Development (CLLD)," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1071, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Pollermann, Kim & Raue, Petra & Schnaut, Gitta, 2013. "Rural Development experiences in Germany: opportunities and obstacles in fostering smart places through LEADER," Studies in Agricultural Economics, Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, vol. 115(2), June.
    8. Katona-Kovacs, Judit, 2014. "Where to put the focus in rural development? Changing the focus from funding to learning," Studies in Agricultural Economics, Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, vol. 116(1), April.
    9. Pollermann, Kim & Raue, Petra & Schnaut, Gitta, 2014. "Multi-level Governance in rural development: Analysing experiences from LEADER for a Community-Led Local Development (CLLD)," EconStor Conference Papers 104063, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.

    More about this item


    LEADER; Hungary; rural development; social learning; animation actions; policy analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • O21 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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