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Les ERP entre mythe et réalités : les stratégies d'intégration fonctionnelle des entreprises françaises en 2006

Author

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  • Yusuf Kocoglu

    (DOT - Dynamiques des organisations et du travail - CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)

  • Frédéric Moatty

    () (DOT - Dynamiques des organisations et du travail - CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)

Abstract

À partir d'un échantillon représentatif des entreprises françaises de dix salariés et plus des secteurs marchands, issu de l'enquête Changements Organisationnels et Informatisation (COI) de 2006, les auteurs dressent un bilan statistique de la diffusion des ERP (Progiciels de gestion intégrée) et montrent que celle-ci se situe entre mythe et réalité. Tout d'abord, la diffusion des ERP se renforce, principalement à l'intérieur de ses bastions d'origine, les grandes entreprises, les groupes et l'industrie manufacturière. Mais, dans les entreprises, l'intégration des fonctions au moyen des ERP reste partielle en 2006 et n'est pas plus importante que celle permise par d'autres progiciels. Ces résultats révèlent que les stratégies évolutionnistes d'adoption et l'intégration limitée sont beaucoup plus répandues que les stratégies d'intégration totale. La rationalisation des organisations par les ERP ne conduit pas à une convergence vers un modèle unique mais témoigne de la variété des degrés et des stratégies d'intégration. L'entreprise intégrée reste marquée par des choix stratégiques qui reflètent sa position économique et une certaine prudence dans ses investissements technico-organisationnels.

Suggested Citation

  • Yusuf Kocoglu & Frédéric Moatty, 2014. "Les ERP entre mythe et réalités : les stratégies d'intégration fonctionnelle des entreprises françaises en 2006," Working Papers halshs-00966857, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00966857
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00966857
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    ERP; intégration; changement organisationnel; stratégies des firmes; statistiques;
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