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Rice husk gasification for electricity generation in Cambodia in December 2014

Author

Listed:
  • Hong Nam Nguyen

    (CleanED - Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Lab - USTH - University of sciences and technologies of hanoi)

  • Minh Ha-Duong

    (CleanED - Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Lab - USTH - University of sciences and technologies of hanoi, CIRED - centre international de recherche sur l'environnement et le développement - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AgroParisTech - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement)

Abstract

Rice husks are the indigestible coatings of grains of rice. They are produced in large quantities by the rice milling industry, more than 1 million ton per year in Cambodia. In recent years, Cambodian enterprises have installed gasifiers, which burn rice husks to generate electricity. This is a two stage process: the biomass is first fed into a gasifier which produces syngas and ashes, then the syngas is cleaned and burned into an engine where it saves diesel fuel. Many of these enterprises have been in local communities currently without electricity or in fuel poverty. To learn more about the benefits and drawbacks of using rice-husk gasifiers, and to study about the sustainability challenges for deploying these technologies, the Clean energy and sustainable development lab (CleanED lab) of the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH), and the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation (SNV) have conducted a visit of several rice mills and rural electricity enterprises from 18 th to 22nd December 2014. Five rice mills and a rural electricity enterprise in Battambang, Siem Reap and Kampong Thom provinces were selected for the field survey. In addition with desk research, semi-structured interviews with gasifier users, with the representatives of Canadia Bank PLC and the Federation of Cambodian Rice Millers Association (FCRMA) during the field surveys were also conducted. This report present and justifies the main conclusions of the visit.

Suggested Citation

  • Hong Nam Nguyen & Minh Ha-Duong, 2014. "Rice husk gasification for electricity generation in Cambodia in December 2014," Working Papers hal-01107615, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01107615
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01107615v2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Shackley, Simon & Carter, Sarah & Knowles, Tony & Middelink, Erik & Haefele, Stephan & Sohi, Saran & Cross, Andrew & Haszeldine, Stuart, 2012. "Sustainable gasification–biochar systems? A case-study of rice-husk gasification in Cambodia, Part I: Context, chemical properties, environmental and health and safety issues," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 49-58.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hong Nam Nguyen & Hoai-Son Nguyen & Minh Ha-Duong & Laurent van de Steene, 2016. "Biomass gasification in Southeast Asia: Factors influencing technology adoption in Cambodia," CIRED Working Papers hal-01422206, HAL.

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    Keywords

    cambodia; rice husk; bioenergy; gasification;
    All these keywords.

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