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La Gestion Des Resultats Comptables Lors Des Fusions Et Acquisitions: Une Analyse Dans Le Contexte Suisse

  • Franck Missonier-Piera

    (ESSEC Business School - Essec Business School)

  • Walid Ben-Amar

    (CRG - Centre de Recherche en Comptabilité - Université d'Ottawa)

Cette recherche examine la gestion des résultats comptables par les dirigeants d'entreprises sujettes à des offres publiques d'achat (OPA) dans le contexte Suisse. La recherche comptable suggère que les transactions de fusions et acquisitions offrent un cadre propice à la gestion des résultats tant pour les dirigeants de l'entreprise cible que pour ceux de l'acquéreur (Easterwood, 1998 ; Erickson et Wang, 1999 ; North et O'Connell, 2002). Toutefois, les études empiriques relatives à cette question obtiennent des résultats divergents, et proviennent en outre essentiellement d'études menées dans le contexte américain. Notre recherche se propose d'enrichir la littérature comptable à travers l'analyse de la manipulation des résultats comptables par les firmes cibles d'OPA dans un contexte Européen. Dans cette perspective, la Suisse offre un cadre intéressant en raison des caractéristiques de son marché des prises de contrôle et de la flexibilité offerte aux dirigeants dans le choix des pratiques comptables comparativement à d'autres pays. Sur un échantillon de 50 sociétés suisses cibles d'OPA entre 1990 et 2002, nos résultats documentent une gestion significative des résultats comptables (mesurée par le niveau des accruals discrétionnaires) au cours de l'année qui précède celle de l'initiation de la transaction.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00581249.

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Date of creation: May 2005
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Publication status: Published in Comptabilité et Connaissances, May 2005, France. pp.CD-Rom, 2005
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00581249
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  1. Erickson, Merle & Wang, Shiing-wu, 1999. "Earnings management by acquiring firms in stock for stock mergers," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 149-176, April.
  2. Heron, Randall & Lie, Erik, 2002. "Operating Performance and the Method of Payment in Takeovers," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 37(01), pages 137-155, March.
  3. Fields, Thomas D. & Lys, Thomas Z. & Vincent, Linda, 2001. "Empirical research on accounting choice," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1-3), pages 255-307, September.
  4. Hilary, Gilles, 2003. "Accounting behavior of German firms after an ADR issuance," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 355-376.
  5. Randall Morck & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1988. "Characteristics of Targets of Hostile and Friendly Takeovers," NBER Chapters, in: Corporate Takeovers: Causes and Consequences, pages 101-136 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Faccio, Mara & Lang, Larry H. P., 2002. "The ultimate ownership of Western European corporations," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 365-395, September.
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