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Debit card and demand for cash

Author

Listed:
  • Bounie David
  • François Abel

    (LEM - Lille économie management - LEM - UMR 9221 - UCL - Université catholique de Lille - Université de Lille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Waelbroeck Patrick

    ()

Abstract

Despite the growing importance of the debit card in most developed countries, there are relatively few academic studies that analyze the impact of such evolution on the demand for cash. Beyond data availability, this research is complicated by the fact that the debit card provides two services for consumers - cash withdrawal and payment - that have contrasting effects on cash holdings and cash usage. Using micro-level data, we estimate the impacts of both services on the demand for cash by comparing the cash holdings and cash usage of three populations, namely non-cardholders, ATM-only cardholders, and debit cardholders. Controlling for various individual and network characteristics as well as a possible endogeneity issue, we find that the negative effect of the payment service on the demand for cash dominates the positive effect of the cash withdrawal service resulting in an overall negative impact of the debit card on the demand for cash.

Suggested Citation

  • Bounie David & François Abel & Waelbroeck Patrick, 2016. "Debit card and demand for cash," Post-Print hal-01533523, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01533523
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2016.08.009
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01533523
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    Cited by:

    1. John Bagnall & David Bounie & Kim P. Huynh & Anneke Kosse & Tobias Schmidt & Scott Schuh, 2016. "Consumer Cash Usage: A Cross-Country Comparison with Payment Diary Survey Data," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 12(4), pages 1-61, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Demand for cash; Debit card; Endogenous ordinal probit;

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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