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Impact of Natural Disasters on Education Outcomes: Evidence from the 1987-1989 Locust Plague in Mali

Author

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  • Philippe De Vreyer

    (DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme, LEDa - DIAL - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Economie de la mondialisation et du développement - Université Paris-Dauphine, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Nathalie Guilbert

    (DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme)

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    (DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme, IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UP9 - Université Paris 9, Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

Abstract

This paper estimates the long-run impact of a large income shock based on regional variations in the 1987–89 locust plague in Mali. We take comprehensive population census data to construct birth cohorts of individuals and compare those born and living in the years and villages affected by locust plagues with other cohorts. We find a clear, strong impact on the educational outcomes of children living in rural areas, but no impact at all on children living in urban areas. School enrolment by boys born or lessthan four at the time of shock is found to be affected. School enrolmentbyboysbornin1987–88,themaininfestationyears,isfoundtobehardesthitby theplagues.However,although theimpact onschoolenrolment figuresisgreaterfor boys than girls, the educational attainments of girls attending school and living in ruralareasareharderhitthantheboys.Ourcontrolsforindividuals’potentiallyselective migration behaviour and for differences in school infrastructures do nothing to change our results. Our findings are also robust to controls for age misreporting and variations in the cohort cut-off point.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe De Vreyer & Nathalie Guilbert & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2015. "Impact of Natural Disasters on Education Outcomes: Evidence from the 1987-1989 Locust Plague in Mali," Post-Print hal-01374358, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01374358 DOI: 10.1093/jae/eju018 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01374358
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