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Diversité de comportement des entreprises nouvelles et internationales : essai de validation d'une typologie

Author

Listed:
  • Mathieu Cabrol

    () (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)

  • Frédéric Nlemvo

    () (RMS - Reims Management School)

Abstract

Cet article étudie l'hétérogénéité des entreprises nouvelles et internationales (ENI) en proposant une typologie de telles entreprises qui est validée sur données françaises. Outre de montrer que l'approche processuelle de l'internationalisation (PTI) et celle de l'entrepreneuriat international (EI) permettent d'expliquer la diversité comportementale des ENI, l'autre contribution majeure de cette étude est que, d'une part, un niveau d'internationalisation plus élevé s'accompagne généralement d'un développement plus rapide et plus conséquent de l'entreprise, tant en termes de ventes que du nombre de zones géographiques pénétrées et, d'autre part, que les ENI ont tendance à poursuivre une stratégie d'expansion de leur présence géographique dans le monde entier plutôt que de se concentrer sur des zones géographiques proches. Les modes d'entrée utilisés sur les marchés étrangers sont principalement des modes nécessitant un faible contrôle, sauf pour une partie des entreprises de type 'Born-global'.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Cabrol & Frédéric Nlemvo, 2012. "Diversité de comportement des entreprises nouvelles et internationales : essai de validation d'une typologie," Post-Print hal-00951320, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00951320
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00951320
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Luis E Lopez & Sumit K Kundu & Luciano Ciravegna, 2009. "Born global or born regional? Evidence from an exploratory study in the Costa Rican software industry," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 40(7), pages 1228-1238, September.
    2. Benjamin M Oviatt & Patricia P McDougall, 2005. "The internationalization of entrepreneurship," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 36(1), pages 2-8, January.
    3. Zhou, Lianxi, 2007. "The effects of entrepreneurial proclivity and foreign market knowledge on early internationalization," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 281-293, September.
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