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Le système des brevets : idées reçues et critiques

Author

Listed:
  • David Encaoua

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Thierry Madiès

    () (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cet article propose une réflexion générale sur le système des brevets. Trois questions sont d'abord examinées : 1. Le brevet favorise-t-il l'innovation ? 2. La propriété intellectuelle est-elle comparable aux autres formes de propriété ? 3. La protection par le brevet est-elle complémentaire de la concurrence ? Deux critiques fondamentales sont ensuite adressées : 1. L'attribution abusive d'un brevet à des nombreuses demandes ne satisfaisant pas les critères de brevetabilité, ce qui pose la question de la qualité des brevets. 2. L'incompatibilité du système unique des brevets à la diversité technologique et l'innovation cumulative, ce qui entraîne un coût excessif d'implémentation.

Suggested Citation

  • David Encaoua & Thierry Madiès, 2012. "Le système des brevets : idées reçues et critiques," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00750817, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00750817
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00750817
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    Keywords

    property right; patent's quality; incentive mechanism; innovation; implémentation; mécanisme d'incitation; droit de propriété; qualité du brevet;

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