IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

L'impact du vieillissement démographique sur les mécanismes macroéconomiques


  • Antoine d'Autume

    () (EUREQUA - Equipe Universitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantitative - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


The first aim of this report is to present a synthesis of the analysis of pension schemes. We neglect any individual heterogeneity and focus on intertemporal trade-offs. The Diamond model shows that a pay-as- you-go pension scheme exerts a negative effect on saving and capital accumulation Moreover, it is likely that the rate of return of a fully-funded system will be higher than the one of a pay-as-you-go system. The necessity to provide for the pensions of the current old generation does not allow us to infer the optimality of the fullyfunded system however. An intertemporal approach demonstrates that the optimal system depends very much on the social rate of discount. Moreover, this approach also demonstrates a neutrality property of public debt. An instantaneous switch to a fully-funded scheme, supported by public debt in order to provide for initial pensions, is shown to be equivalent to a gradual phasing-out of a pay-as-you-go system. Sections on altruism and risk complete this synthesis. The second part of the paper is devoted to an analysis of the consequences of ageing. The standard two-period overlapping-generation model is of no help as its sole demographic parameter is the birth rate. We therefore modify this model to distinguish the effects of individual ageing from changes in the birth rate. To this end, we simply assume that the agents do not live out their entire second period of life. We also focus on a mixed pension scheme that is fully funded, but offers agents an actuarially fair choice on their retirement age. Numerical simulations describe possible responses to the dilemmas France currently faces. A deferring of the retirement age appear an unavoidable element.

Suggested Citation

  • Antoine d'Autume, 2003. "L'impact du vieillissement démographique sur les mécanismes macroéconomiques," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00452552, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00452552
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server:

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hansen, Gary D., 1985. "Indivisible labor and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 309-327, November.
    2. Pascal Belan & Pierre Pestieau, 1999. "Privatizing Social Security: A Critical Assessment," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 24(1), pages 114-130, January.
    3. Demange, Gabrielle & Laroque, Guy, 2000. " Social Security, Optimality, and Equilibria in a Stochastic Overlapping Generations Economy," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 2(1), pages 1-23.
    4. Long, John B, Jr & Plosser, Charles I, 1983. "Real Business Cycles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(1), pages 39-69, February.
    5. Gertler, Mark, 1999. "Government debt and social security in a life-cycle economy," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 61-110, June.
    6. Jonathan Gruber & David A. Wise, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement around the World," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number grub99-1, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00452552. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.