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De l’usage social aux pratiques marchandes de l’argent. Une brève histoire des origines du microcrédit social

Author

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  • Guillaume PASTUREAU

Abstract

Le Mont-de-Piété est à l’origine du microcrédit social. Il s’oppose au dogme économique de l’Eglise, qui refuse et combat le commerce de l’argent. En prêtant à intérêt des petites sommes aux populations pauvres, le Mont-de-Piété participe à un double phénomène. Il met au centre des préoccupations le rôle social de l’argent ; il introduit une forme d’aide financière considérée comme plus efficace que la charité. La modernisation économique et sociale des sociétés européennes entre en contradiction avec les structures traditionnelles et pré-capitalistes. Notre objectif est de montrer dans quelle mesure le Mont-de-Piété est véritablement une innovation sociale majeure.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume PASTUREAU, 2013. "De l’usage social aux pratiques marchandes de l’argent. Une brève histoire des origines du microcrédit social," Cahiers du GREThA 2013-14, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  • Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2013-14
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugretha.u-bordeaux4.fr/2013/2013-14.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jérôme Blanc, 2006. "L'articulation des monnaies : questions sur la fongibilité et la convertibilité," Post-Print halshs-00080392, HAL.
    2. Guillaume Pastureau, 2011. "Le Mont-de-Piété en France : une réponse économique aux problèmes sociaux de son époque (1462-1919)," Post-Print hal-01135485, HAL.
    3. Jérôme Blanc, 2008. "Usages de l'argent et pratiques monétaires," Post-Print halshs-00278345, HAL.
    4. Hubert Bonin, 2007. "Les banquiers," Post-Print hal-00222792, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume PASTUREAU, 2013. "Du Mont-de-Piété à la Grameen Bank : la finance sociale à travers le temps et l’espace \r\nEssai sur une cohérence institutionnelle et une diversité des pratiques," Cahiers du GREThA 2013-16, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    microcrédit social; argent secours; économie et religion; innovation sociale.;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • B15 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • N00 - Economic History - - General - - - General
    • N93 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: Pre-1913

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