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Reducing Degradation of Forests in Poor Countries When Permanent Solutions Elude Us: What Instruments Do we Really Have?


  • Bluffstone, R.A.


This paper evaluates policies for addressing forest degradation in developing country hill areas, where agriculture is the major activity and villagers depend on forests for important economic inputs. Runaway population growth, poverty and open access probably explain most :overuse" in such areas, but these are very difficult, long-term problems. The paper argues that under such conditions, interim demand-side policies are necessary, but quite limited.

Suggested Citation

  • Bluffstone, R.A., 1997. "Reducing Degradation of Forests in Poor Countries When Permanent Solutions Elude Us: What Instruments Do we Really Have?," Papers 604, Harvard - Institute for International Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:harvid:604

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    Cited by:

    1. W. R. Rohitha, "undated". "Evaluating Gains from De-Eutrophication of the Dutch Canal in Sri Lanka: A Cost Benefit Analysis," Working papers 6, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.
    2. Min Bikram Malla Thakuri, 2010. "Revisiting the Need of Improved Stoves: Estimating Health, Time and Carbon Benefits," Working Papers id:2398, eSocialSciences.
    3. Kohlin, Gunnar & Sills, Erin O. & Pattanayak, Subhrendu K. & Wilfong, Christopher, 2011. "Energy, gender and development: what are the linkages ? where is the evidence ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5800, The World Bank.
    4. Beyene,Abebe & Bluffstone,Randy & Gebreegzhiaber,Zenebe & Martinsson,Peter & Mekonnen,Alemu & Vieider,Ferdinand, 2015. "Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions ? evidence from rural Ethiopia using a randomized treatment trial with electronic monitoring," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7324, The World Bank.
    5. Dayal, Vikram, 2006. "A microeconometric analysis of household extraction of forest biomass goods in Ranthambhore National Park, India," Journal of Forest Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 145-163, June.
    6. Howells, Mark I. & Jonsson, Sandra & K├Ąck, Emilia & Lloyd, Philip & Bennett, Kevin & Leiman, Tony & Conradie, Beatrice, 2010. "Calabashes for kilowatt-hours: Rural energy and market failure," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 2729-2738, June.

    More about this item



    JEL classification:

    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products


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