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The Political Economy of Refugee Migration

Author

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  • Mathias Czaika

    () (Department of International Economic Policy, University of Freiburg)

Abstract

This article examines the driving forces of the magnitude, composition and duration of refugee movements caused by conflict and persecution. The decision to seek temporary or permanent refuge in the region of origin or in a more distant asylum destination is based on inter-temporal optimization. We find that asylum seeking in Western countries is rather a phenomenon of comparatively less persecuted people. In an attempt to reduce their respective asylum burdens, Western countries and host countries in the region of origin are likely to end up in a race to the bottom of restrictive asylum policies. As an alternative, this study shows that proactive refugee-related aid transfers are, under certain circumstances, an effective instrument to relieve Western countries from asylum pressure.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathias Czaika, 2009. "The Political Economy of Refugee Migration," Discussion Paper Series 7, Department of International Economic Policy, University of Freiburg, revised Jan 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:fre:wpaper:7
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    File URL: http://www.vwl-iwipol.uni-freiburg.de/iwipol/REPEC/fre/wpaper/DP7_The_Political_Economy_of_Refugee_Migration_Czaika.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Jon Echevarria & Javier Gardeazabal, 2016. "Refugee gravitation," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 169(3), pages 269-292, December.
    2. Géraldine Bocquého & Marc Deschamps & Jenny Helstroffer & Julien Jacob & Majlinda Joxhe, 2018. "The risk and refugee migration," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2018-10, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    3. Geraldine Bocquého & Marc Deschamps & Jenny Helstroffer & Julien Jacob & Majlinda Joxhe, 2018. "Risk and Refugee Migration," Working Papers of BETA 2018-16, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    4. Djajić, Slobodan, 2014. "Asylum seeking and irregular migration," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 83-95.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Refugee Movements; Asylum Policy; Foreign Aid;

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