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The Equilibrium Term Structure of Equity and Interest Rates

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  • Taeyoung Doh
  • Shu Wu

Abstract

We develop an equilibrium asset pricing model with Epstein-Zin recursive preferences that accounts for major stylized facts of the term structure of bond and equity risk premia. While the term structure of bond risk premia tends to be upward-sloping on average, the term structure of equity risk premia is known to be downward-sloping. {{p}} The equilibrium asset pricing model with long-run consumption risks has difficulty matching these stylized facts simultaneously. The standard calibration of these models follows Bansal and Yaron (2004), in which agents prefer the early resolution of uncertainty and have the inter-temporal elasticity of substitution greater than one; this calibration implies an upward-sloping term structure of equity risk premia and a downward-sloping term structure of real bond risk premia. Although the standard model can match a downward-sloping term structure of equity risk premia by amplifying the short-run risk of dividend growth, it does not fully reconcile with empirical evidence implying an upward-sloping average yield curve and a downward-sloping term structure of Sharpe ratios of dividend strips. We extend a standard model in two dimensions. First, we incorporate time-varying market prices of risks by allowing marginal utility of consumption to be nonlinearly dependent on risk factors. Second, we endogenously determine expected cash flows and expected inflation as potentially nonlinear functions of risk factors. With these extensions, our model can match the average slope of both bond and equity risk premia together with the term structure of Sharpe ratios of dividend strips. At the same time, the model generates the behavior of the aggregate stock market return in line with the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Taeyoung Doh & Shu Wu, 2016. "The Equilibrium Term Structure of Equity and Interest Rates," Research Working Paper RWP 16-11, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedkrw:rwp16-11
    DOI: 10.18651/RWP2016-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. TAKAMIZAWA, Hideyuki, 2018. "An Equilibrium Model of Term Structures of Bonds and Equities," Working Paper Series G-1-19, Hitotsubashi University Center for Financial Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Long-run consumption risks; Term structure; Interest rates; Equity risk premia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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