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Investment and trade patterns in a sticky-price, open-economy model

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  • Enrique Martinez-Garcia
  • Jens Sondergaard

Abstract

This paper develops a tractable two-country DSGE model with sticky prices la Calvo (1983) and local-currency pricing. We analyze the capital investment decision in the presence of adjustment costs of two types, the capital adjustment cost (CAC) specification and the investment adjustment cost (IAC) specification. We compare the investment and trade patterns with adjustment costs against those of a model without adjustment costs and with (quasi-) flexible prices. We show that having adjustment costs results into more volatile consumption and net exports, and less volatile investment. We document three important facts on U.S. trade: a) the S-shaped cross-correlation function between real GDP and the real net exports share, b) the J-curve between terms of trade and net exports, and c) the weak and S-shaped cross-correlation between real GDP and terms of trade. We find that adding adjustment costs tends to reduce the model's ability to match these stylized facts. Nominal rigidities cannot account for these features either.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique Martinez-Garcia & Jens Sondergaard, 2009. "Investment and trade patterns in a sticky-price, open-economy model," Globalization Institute Working Papers 28, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:feddgw:28
    Note: Published as: Martinez-Garcia, Enrique and Jens Søndergaard (2009), "Investment and Trade Patterns in a Sticky-Price, Open-Economy Model," in The Economics of Imperfect Markets, ed. Giorgio Calcagnini and Enrico Saltari (Berlin: Springer), 183-212.
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    File URL: http://dallasfed.org/assets/documents/institute/wpapers/2009/0028.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lucas, Robert E, Jr & Prescott, Edward C, 1971. "Investment Under Uncertainty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(5), pages 659-681, September.
    2. Enrique Martinez-Garcia & Jens Sondergaard, 2008. "Technical note on "The real exchange rate in sticky price models: does investment matter?"," Globalization Institute Working Papers 16, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    3. Backus, David K & Kehoe, Patrick J & Kydland, Finn E, 1994. "Dynamics of the Trade Balance and the Terms of Trade: The J-Curve?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 84-103, March.
    4. David K. Backus & Patrick J. Kehoe & Finn E. Kydland, 1992. "Dynamics of the trade balance and the terms of trade: the J-curve revisited," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 65, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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    11. Martínez-García, Enrique & Søndergaard, Jens, 2013. "Investment And Real Exchange Rates In Sticky Price Models," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(2), pages 195-234, March.
    12. Engel, Charles & Wang, Jian, 2011. "International trade in durable goods: Understanding volatility, cyclicality, and elasticities," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(1), pages 37-52, January.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F37 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Finance Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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