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O Impacto da Abertura Comercial Sobre Mark-Up e Produtividade Industrial Brasileira

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  • Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti
  • Guillen, Osmani Teixeira Carvalho

Abstract

O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o comportamento da indústria de transformação após as reformas implantadas na década de noventa. Verificamos se o processo de abertura gerou aumentos da produtividade média da indústria de transformação Adicionalmente, estimamos o mark-up de diferentes setores industriais e testamos se este se modidica após a abertura comercial. Contrariamente ao que o se poderia esperar nossas estimativas de mark-up revelaram uma prática não concorrencial em um número pequeno de setores. Não há indicação significativa de queda no poder de mercado destes setores após a abertura comercial. Verificou-se também aumento da produtividade em grande parte do setores industriais após a redução das barreiras comerciais.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti & Guillen, Osmani Teixeira Carvalho, 2001. "O Impacto da Abertura Comercial Sobre Mark-Up e Produtividade Industrial Brasileira," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 432, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:432
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    1. Tybout, James & de Melo, Jamie & Corbo, Vittorio, 1991. "The effects of trade reforms on scale and technical efficiency : New evidence from Chile," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3-4), pages 231-250, November.
    2. Tybout, James R. & Westbrook, M. Daniel, 1995. "Trade liberalization and the dimensions of efficiency change in Mexican manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 53-78, August.
    3. Hall, Robert E, 1988. "The Relation between Price and Marginal Cost in U.S. Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(5), pages 921-947, October.
    4. Harrison, Ann E., 1994. "Productivity, imperfect competition and trade reform : Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 53-73, February.
    5. Domowitz, Ian & Hubbard, R Glenn & Petersen, Bruce C, 1988. "Market Structure and Cyclical Fluctuations in U.S. Manufacturing," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(1), pages 55-66, February.
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