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Unions, Labour supply and Structure of Taxation: Equal Tax Bases

Author

Listed:
  • Kiander, Jaakko
  • Holm, Pasi
  • Koskela, Erkki

Abstract

This paper investigates the employment effects of changes in the structure of taxation and in the tax progression. The contribution is to add endogenous determination of working hours into a union wage setting model. Thus employment effects of any changes in taxation are derived as a labour supply response of workers to tax-induced changes in equilibrium wage. The main findings are the following: i) When hours and heads are perfect substitutes in production, introducing income tax progression at the margin decreases the gross wage rate. If, in addition, leisure is a normal good and wage elasticity of labour supply positive, then hours of work decreases and employment is boosted. ii) Restructuring labour taxation away from payroll tax leaves the gross wage rate, hours of work and employment unchanged, when the income tax base and the payroll tax base are equal. This equality holds when there is a given exemption from income taxes.

Suggested Citation

  • Kiander, Jaakko & Holm, Pasi & Koskela, Erkki, 1995. "Unions, Labour supply and Structure of Taxation: Equal Tax Bases," Discussion Papers 110, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fer:dpaper:110
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    File URL: https://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/148099
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Alfonso ARPAIA & Giuseppe CARONE, "undated". "Do Labour Taxes (and their Composition) Affect Wages in the Short and the Long Run?," EcoMod2004 330600010, EcoMod.
    2. Sinko, Pekka & Kilponen, Juha, 2003. "Does Centralised Wage Setting Lead into Higher Taxation?," Discussion Papers 314, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Pekka Sinko, 2005. "Does Centralised Wage Setting Lead into Higher Taxation?," Labor and Demography 0509007, EconWPA.
    4. Sinko, Pekka & Kilponen, Juha, 2001. "Labour Taxation and the Degree of Centralisation in a Trade Union Model with Endogenous Labour Supply," Discussion Papers 250, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    5. Goerke, Laszlo, 2000. "The Wedge," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 68(5), pages 608-623, September.
    6. Alfonso Arpaia & Giuseppe Carone, 2004. "Do labour taxes (and their composition) affect wages in the short and the long run? - Alfonso Arpaia and Giuseppe Carone," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 216, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    7. Alfonso Arpaia & Giuseppe Carone, 2004. "Do labour taxes (and their composition) affect wages in the short and in the long run?," Public Economics 0411004, EconWPA.

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