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Labour market segmentation in Britain: the decline of occupational labour markets and the spread of ‘entry tournaments'

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  • Marsden, David

Abstract

This paper reviews the changing pattern of labour market segmentation in Britain since the mid-1970s. In the early 1980s, industrial labour markets in Britain, along with Germany, could be characterised as dominated by occupational labour markets for skilled workers compared with the predominance of firm internal labour markets in France and Italy. These provided for structured entry paths into the relevant occupations and jobs. Britain’s position in this picture has changed as a result of the decline of industrial employment and the institutions on which these occupational markets were built. The second part of the article searches for new models whose importance is increasing in Britain. It examines the spread of highly competitive conditions for entry into certain service sector activities, such as the media, and ‘knowledge intensive’ services where employment has been growing rapidly. The paper presents evidence that some of these sectors have come to be characterised by prolonged ‘entry tournaments’. These are driven by ease of entry at the bottom, growth of earnings at the top, and a struggle for access to the higher status, stable, positions within the occupation.

Suggested Citation

  • Marsden, David, 2007. "Labour market segmentation in Britain: the decline of occupational labour markets and the spread of ‘entry tournaments'," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 3305, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:3305
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    File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/3305/
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:hal:journl:hal-00541065 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Marsden, David, 2010. "The growth of extended 'entry tournaments' and the decline of institutionalised occupational labour markets in Britain," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 28740, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Yeosun Yoon & Heejung Chung, 2016. "New Forms of Dualization? Labour Market Segmentation Patterns in the UK from the Late 90s Until the Post-crisis in the Late 2000s," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 128(2), pages 609-631, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Internal labour markets; Segmented labour markets; Professional labour markets and occupations;

    JEL classification:

    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations
    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts

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