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Spillover Effects of Fiscal Policy Under Flexible Exchange Rates

  • Dirk Steffen
  • Ingo Pitterle

The paper analyzes the transmission mechanisms of fiscal shocks in a two-country general equilibrium model with sticky prices in line with the new open economy macroeconomics (NOEM) approach. Specifically, the model allows for both market segmentation and asymmetric preferences. We introduce money via a cash-in-advance constraint: Households need cash in order to purchase consumption goods and to pay taxes. Therefore, government expenditures are relevant for overall money demand. Providing closed form solutions, we find that a balanced budget fiscal expansion results in an appreciation of the exchange rate. This result stands in sharp contrast to standard open economy models with money-in-the-utility (MIU), that predict depreciations. The exchange rate movement is all the more pronounced, the higher the degree of pricing-to-market (PTM) and the stronger the bias for domestically produced goods. As an appreciation of the short run exchange rate implies lower competitiveness of domestic firms, production is temporarily shortened. Therefore, the deterioration of the trade balance is exacerbated when compared with MIU models. We show that the terms of trade depend qualitatively and quantitatively on the degree of PTM, whereas a home bias in consumption only rules its amplitude. A rigorous welfare analysis reveals that a fiscal expansion is a prosper-thy-neighbor instrument. A higher share of PTM goods reinforces the prosper-thy-neighbor effect while a home bias in consumption tends to reduce the positive spillover effects.

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Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society 2004 Australasian Meetings with number 286.

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Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ecm:ausm04:286
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  1. Lane, P.R. & Ganelli, G., 2002. "Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis: The Open Economy Dimension," CEG Working Papers 20026, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  2. Robert Kollmann, 2001. "The exchange rate in a dynamic-optimizing business cycle model with nominal rigidities: a quantitative investigation," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7630, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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  12. Betts, Caroline & Devereux, Michael B., 2000. "Exchange rate dynamics in a model of pricing-to-market," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 215-244, February.
  13. John F. Helliwell, 1996. "Do National Borders Matter for Quebec's Trade?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(3), pages 507-22, August.
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