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Effects of the Exchange-Rate Regime on Trade under Monetary Uncertainty: The Role of Price Setting

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  • Mihailov, Alexander

Abstract

In a baseline stochastic new open-economy macroeconomics (NOEM)model which parallels alternative invoicing conventions, namely consumer’s currency pricing (CCP) vs. producer’s currency pricing (PCP), we revisit the question whether the exchange-rate regime matters for trade. We show analytically that under full symmetry, only money shocks and separable but otherwise very general utility, it is irrelevant in affecting expected trade-to-output ratios. A peg-float comparison is nevertheless meaningful under PCP, although not CCP, in terms of volatility of national trade shares: by shutting down the pass-through and expenditure-switching channel, a peg then stabilizes equilibrium trade-to-GDP at its expected level.

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  • Mihailov, Alexander, 2003. "Effects of the Exchange-Rate Regime on Trade under Monetary Uncertainty: The Role of Price Setting," Economics Discussion Papers 8865, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:esx:essedp:8865
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    1. Mihailov, Alexander, 2003. "When and How Much Does a Peg Increase Trade? The Role of Trade Costs and Import Demand Elasticity under Monetary Uncertainty," Economics Discussion Papers 8866, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    2. Alexander Mihailov, 2009. "Exchange rate pass-through to prices in macrodata: a comparative sensitivity analysis," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 346-377.

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