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Trade Flows, Prices, and The Exchange Rate Regime

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This paper examines the relationship between the exchange rate regime and trade flows using a general equilibrium model based on Bacchetta and van Wincoop (AER, 2000). We show that in general the link between trade and the exchange rate regime is ambiguous and that it depends in particular on the nature of macroeconomic shocks and consumer preferences. A critical aspect is the pricing strategy adopted by monopolistically competitve firms. Trade is more likely to be affected by the exchange rate regime if firms price in buyers' currency, or price to market (PTM), than if they price in producers' currency (PCP). We show, however, that PCP is not an equilibrium under reasonable parameters when international capital markets are not available. In contrast, when markets become more complete, firms tend to switch to PCP.

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  • Philippe Bacchetta & Eric van Wincoop, 2000. "Trade Flows, Prices, and The Exchange Rate Regime," Working Papers 00.11, Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee.
  • Handle: RePEc:szg:worpap:0011
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    Cited by:

    1. Bacchetta, Philippe & van Wincoop, Eric, 2005. "A theory of the currency denomination of international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 295-319, December.
    2. Mihailov, Alexander, 2003. "When and How Much Does a Peg Increase Trade? The Role of Trade Costs and Import Demand Elasticity under Monetary Uncertainty," Economics Discussion Papers 8866, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    3. Ganelli, Giovanni & Lane, Philip R., 2002. "Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis: The Open Economy Dimension," CEPR Discussion Papers 3540, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Bacchetta, Philippe & van Wincoop, Eric, 2002. "A Theory of Currency Denomination of International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 3120, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Devereux, Michael B. & Engel, Charles & Storgaard, Peter E., 2004. "Endogenous exchange rate pass-through when nominal prices are set in advance," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 263-291, July.
    6. Alexander Mihailov, 2004. "Effects of the exchange-rate regime on trade: the role of price setting," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2003 66, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.

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