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Reverse Mergers: The Chinese Experience


  • Jindra, Jan

    (OH State University)

  • Voetmann, Torben

    (Cornerstone Research)

  • Walkling, Ralph A.

    (Drexel University)


Chinese reverse mergers (CRMs) claim to provide easy entry to the U.S. and international markets. Recently, a large number of Chinese firms using reverse merger transactions have been listed on the U.S. stock exchanges. We review the historical use and mechanics of these reverse mergers, and contrast them with initial public offerings (IPOs). We also explore settlements of securities class action lawsuits involving Chinese firms. Our analysis shows that larger, more reputable Chinese firms are significantly less likely to pursue reverse mergers. We also find that CRM firms are more likely to be subject to class action litigation in the U.S and that the settlement amounts are smaller for CRM firms than for Chinese IPO firms. Our analysis further indicates that CRM firms significantly underperform the Chinese IPO firms. Thus, the evidence suggests that CRMs are not substitutes for Chinese IPOs.

Suggested Citation

  • Jindra, Jan & Voetmann, Torben & Walkling, Ralph A., 2012. "Reverse Mergers: The Chinese Experience," Working Paper Series 2012-18, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecl:ohidic:2012-18

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    Cited by:

    1. Colak, Gonul & Fu, Mengchuan & Hasan, Iftekhar, 2020. "Why are some Chinese firms failing in the US capital markets? A machine learning approach," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    2. Zhu, Tingting & Lu, Meiting & Shan, Yaowen & Zhang, Yuanlong, 2015. "Accrual-based and real activity earnings management at the back door: Evidence from Chinese reverse mergers," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(PA), pages 317-339.
    3. Shachmurove, Yochanan & Vulanovic, Milos, 2017. "U.S. SPACs with a focus on China," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 1-18.
    4. Duan, Tinghua & Hou, Wenxuan & Rees, William, 2020. "CEO international experience and foreign IPOs," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 461-470.
    5. James S. Ang & Zhiqian Jiang & Chaopeng Wu, 2016. "Good Apples, Bad Apples: Sorting Among Chinese Companies Traded in the U.S," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 134(4), pages 611-629, April.
    6. Yenn-Ru Chen & Mi-Hsiu Chiang & Chia-Hsiang Weng, 2019. "Are investors always compensated for information risk? Evidence from Chinese reverse-merger firms," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 159-196, January.
    7. Masako Darrough & Rong Huang & Sha Zhao, 2020. "Spillover Effects of Fraud Allegations and Investor Sentiment," Contemporary Accounting Research, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 37(2), pages 982-1014, June.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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