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Public wages in the euro area - towards securing stability and competitiveness

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  • Holm-Hadulla, Fédéric
  • Kamath, Kishore
  • Lamo, Ana
  • Pérez, Javier J.
  • Schuknecht, Ludger

Abstract

This paper examines the role of government wages in ensuring macroeconomic stability and competitiveness in the euro area. Recent empirical evidence suggests that government wage expenditure is subject to a pro-cyclical bias in most euro area countries and at the euro area aggregate level. Moreover, the evidence points to a strong positive correlation and co-movement between public and private wages in the short to medium term, both directly and indirectly via the price level, in most euro area countries. In a number of countries this interrelation between public and private wages coincided with strong public wage growth and competitiveness losses. These findings underpin the need for prudent public wage policies supported by strong domestic fiscal frameworks and appropriate wage-setting institutions in order to enhance economic stability and competitiveness in Economic and Monetary Union. JEL Classification: E22, E50

Suggested Citation

  • Holm-Hadulla, Fédéric & Kamath, Kishore & Lamo, Ana & Pérez, Javier J. & Schuknecht, Ludger, 2010. "Public wages in the euro area - towards securing stability and competitiveness," Occasional Paper Series 112, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:2010112
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    File URL: https://www.ecb.europa.eu//pub/pdf/scpops/ecbocp112.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gonzalo Fernández-de-Córdoba & Javier Pérez & José Torres, 2012. "Public and private sector wages interactions in a general equilibrium model," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 150(1), pages 309-326, January.
    2. Pérez, Javier J. & Rodríguez-Vives, Marta & Depalo, Domenico & Papapetrou, Evangelia & Aouriri, Marie & Campos, Maria M. & Celov, Dmitrij & Pesliakaitė, Jurga & Ramos, Roberto, 2016. "The fiscal and macroeconomic effects of government wages and employment reform," Occasional Paper Series 176, European Central Bank.
    3. George Economides & Dimitris Papageorgiou & Apostolis Philippopoulos & Vanghelis Vassilatos, 2013. "Smaller Public Sectors in the Euro Area: Aggregate and Distributional Implications," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 59(3), pages 536-558, September.
    4. Matteo Salto, 2016. "Fiscal Policy after the Crisis – Workshop Proceedings," European Economy - Discussion Papers 2015 - 035, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    5. Guilherme Bandeira & Evi Pappa & Rana Sajedi & Eugenia Vella, 2018. "Fiscal Consolidation in a Low-Inflation Environment: Pay Cuts versus Lost Jobs," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 14(3), pages 7-52, June.
    6. A. S. Benetrix & P. R. Lane, 2013. "Fiscal Shocks and the Real Exchange Rate," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(3), pages 6-37, September.
    7. Lamo, Ana & Pérez, Javier J. & Schuknecht, Ludger, 2013. "Are government wages interlinked with private sector wages?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 697-712.
    8. Bodea, Cristina & Huemer, Stefan, 2010. "Dancing together at arm's length? - the interaction of central banks with governments in the G7," Occasional Paper Series 120, European Central Bank.
    9. Stolz, Stéphanie Marie & Wedow, Michael, 2010. "Extraordinary measures in extraordinary times: public measures in support of the financial sector in the EU and the United States," Occasional Paper Series 117, European Central Bank.
    10. B. Eugène, 2011. "Public sector wages," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 21-33, December.
    11. di Mauro, Filippo & Forster, Katrin & Lima, Ana, 2010. "The global downturn and its impact on euro area exports and competitiveness," Occasional Paper Series 119, European Central Bank.
    12. Maczulskij, Terhi, 2013. "Public–private sector wage differentials and the business cycle," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 284-301.
    13. Bracke, Thierry & Gardó, Sándor & Frost, Jon & Cocozza, Emidio & Diev, Pavel & Stavrianou, Nikolaos & Knobloch, Corinna & Christensen, Jakob Eckholdt & Francart, Alexandre & Rusinova, Desislava & Buys, 2010. "Financial stability challenges in EU candidate countries - Financial systems in the aftermath of the global crisis," Occasional Paper Series 115, European Central Bank.
    14. Hess, Patrick, 2010. "Securities clearing and settlement in China: markets, infrastructures and policy-making," Occasional Paper Series 116, European Central Bank.
    15. Christian Thimann, 2015. "The Microeconomic Dimensions of the Eurozone Crisis and Why European Politics Cannot Solve Them," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 29(3), pages 141-164, Summer.
    16. Sotiris Theodoropoulos, 2012. "Seeking a sustainable size and structure for the Greek public sector’s activities according to the fiscal pact for Euro," SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, University of Piraeus, vol. 62(3-4), pages 75-92, July - De.
    17. Sturm, Michael & Sauter, Nicolas, 2010. "The impact of the global financial turmoil and recession on Mediterranean countries' economies," Occasional Paper Series 118, European Central Bank.
    18. A team of the Working Group on Econometric Modelling of the European System of Central Banks, 2012. "Competitiveness and external imbalances within the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 139, European Central Bank.
    19. Martin, Reiner & Gardó, Sándor, 2010. "The impact of the global economic and financial crisis on central, eastern and south-eastern Europe: A stock-taking exercise," Occasional Paper Series 114, European Central Bank.
    20. Fabien Postel-Vinay, 2015. "Does it pay to be a public-sector employee?," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 156-156, June.
    21. Donoval, Milan & Gautier, Erwan & Nuño, Galo & Nakov, Anton & Jiménez, Noelia & de los Llanos Matea, María & Estrada, Ángel & Zioutou, Pinelopi & Bragoudakis, Zacharias & Weymes, Laura & O'Brien, Derr, 2010. "Energy markets and the euro area macroeconomy," Occasional Paper Series 113, European Central Bank.
    22. Köppl-Turyna, Monika & Lorenz, Hanno, 2016. "Demand-side economics in times of high debt: The case of the European Union," Working Papers 02, Agenda Austria.
    23. Beirne, John & Tapking, Jens & Sahel, Benjamin & Sušec, Matjaž & Monar, Fernando & Manganelli, Simone & Grothe, Magdalena & Ejsing, Jacob & Dalitz, Lars & Vong, Tana, 2011. "The impact of the Eurosystem's covered bond purchase programme on the primary and secondary markets," Occasional Paper Series 122, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    competitiveness; fiscal cyclicality; government wage expenditure;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General

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