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Monetary policy strategy in a global environment

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  • Philippe Moutot
  • Giovanni Vitale

Abstract

This paper discusses the structural implications of real and financial globalisation, with the aim of drawing lessons for the conduct of monetary policy and, in particular, for the assessment of risks to price stability. The first conclusion of the paper is that globalisation may have played only a limited role in reducing inflation and output volatility in developed economies. Central banks should remain focused on their mandate to preserve price stability. However, the globalisation of financial markets over the last 25 years has had major implications for the conduct of monetary policy. Four elements characterise the new financial landscape: the decline in the “home bias”; the increase in the size of international financial transactions relative to transactions in goods and services; the increase in the number of countries adopting inflation targeting and currency peg monetary regimes; and the transformation of financial market microstructure. The paper argues that in this new environment monetary policy should systematically incorporate financial analysis into its assessment of the risks to price stability. Monetary policy should “lean against the wind” of asset price bubbles that could burst at a high cost and hinder the maintenance of macroeconomic and financial stability. Further, in view of the interlinkages among financial markets worldwide, macro-financial surveillance at the international level needs to be strengthened and monetary policymakers need to cooperate and exchange information on a wider scale and at a deeper level with financial supervisors. Finally, the paper reviews the rationale for a central bank to act (in concert with other central banks) as the ultimate provider of liquidity to financial markets in situations of extreme instability and market malfunctioning. A sudden and sharp liquidity drought in the market should be tackled with appropriate measures that could even go beyond the extraordinary refinancing of monetary and financial institutions. In these circumstances, the central bank should clearly communicate that the aim of its liquidity provision measures is to support the proper functioning of financial markets, and that they do not indicate a change in the monetary policy stance (“separation principle”). JEL Classification: E44, E58, F33, F42.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Moutot & Giovanni Vitale, 2009. "Monetary policy strategy in a global environment," Occasional Paper Series 106, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:20090106
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    File URL: http://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpops/ecbocp106.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stolz, Stéphanie Marie & Wedow, Michael, 2010. "Extraordinary measures in extraordinary times: public measures in support of the financial sector in the EU and the United States," Occasional Paper Series 117, European Central Bank.
    2. di Mauro, Filippo & Forster, Katrin & Lima, Ana, 2010. "The global downturn and its impact on euro area exports and competitiveness," Occasional Paper Series 119, European Central Bank.
    3. Bracke, Thierry & Gardó, Sándor & Frost, Jon & Cocozza, Emidio & Diev, Pavel & Stavrianou, Nikolaos & Knobloch, Corinna & Christensen, Jakob Eckholdt & Francart, Alexandre & Rusinova, Desislava & Buys, 2010. "Financial stability challenges in EU candidate countries - Financial systems in the aftermath of the global crisis," Occasional Paper Series 115, European Central Bank.
    4. Holm-Hadulla, Fédéric & Kamath, Kishore & Lamo, Ana & Pérez, Javier J. & Schuknecht, Ludger, 2010. "Public wages in the euro area - towards securing stability and competitiveness," Occasional Paper Series 112, European Central Bank.
    5. Jean-Claude Trichet, 2010. "State of the Union: The Financial Crisis and the ECB's Response between 2007 and 2009," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(s1), pages 7-19, September.
    6. Sturm, Michael & Sauter, Nicolas, 2010. "The impact of the global financial turmoil and recession on Mediterranean countries' economies," Occasional Paper Series 118, European Central Bank.
    7. Matthieu Bussière & Emilia Pérez‐Barreiro & Roland Straub & Daria Taglioni, 2011. "Protectionist Responses to the Crisis: Global Trends and Implications," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34, pages 826-852, May.
    8. Martin, Reiner & Gardó, Sándor, 2010. "The impact of the global economic and financial crisis on central, eastern and south-eastern Europe: A stock-taking exercise," Occasional Paper Series 114, European Central Bank.
    9. Donoval, Milan & Gautier, Erwan & Nuño, Galo & Nakov, Anton & Jiménez, Noelia & de los Llanos Matea, María & Estrada, Ángel & Zioutou, Pinelopi & Bragoudakis, Zacharias & Weymes, Laura & O'Brien, Derr, 2010. "Energy markets and the euro area macroeconomy," Occasional Paper Series 113, European Central Bank.
    10. Trabandt, Mathias & Slavík, Michal & Checherita-Westphal, Cristina & Maurer, Henri & Catz, Julia & Warmedinger, Thomas & Afonso, António & Leiner-Killinger, Nadine & van Riet, Ad & Valenta, Vilém & Ni, 2010. "Euro area fiscal policies and the crisis," Occasional Paper Series 109, European Central Bank.
    11. Bodea, Cristina & Huemer, Stefan, 2010. "Dancing together at arm's length? - the interaction of central banks with governments in the G7," Occasional Paper Series 120, European Central Bank.
    12. Hess, Patrick, 2010. "Securities clearing and settlement in China: markets, infrastructures and policy-making," Occasional Paper Series 116, European Central Bank.
    13. Hubrich, Kirstin & Karlsson, Tohmas, 2010. "Trade consistency in the context of the Eurosystem projection exercises - an overview," Occasional Paper Series 108, European Central Bank.
    14. Renata Karkowska, 2012. "The economic costs of economic risk in the financial market (Koszty ekonomiczne ryzyka systemowego na rynku finansowym)," Problemy Zarzadzania, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 10(39), pages 33-53.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Globalisation; Monetary policy; Asset prices; Financial markets.;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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