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Inversión socialmente responsable: evolución, tendencias e implicaciones para la dirección de las empresas, La

  • Sanchez, Pablo

    ()

    (IESE Business School)

  • Rodriguez, Miguel A.

    ()

    (IESE Business School)

  • Ricart, Joan E.

    ()

    (IESE Business School)

Registered author(s):

    En los últimos años, principalmente desde mediados de la década de los noventa, la inversión socialmente responsable (ISR) ha tenido una aceptación creciente en los países desarrollados. Parece oportuno, por tanto, saber en qué consiste esta alternativa de inversión y ver cómo puede influir en el progreso hacia un desarrollo sostenible. Este es el principal propósito del artículo. En primer lugar, se explica y define qué es la ISR. Para ello, observaremos cómo ésta ha variado conceptual y metodológicamente desde sus orígenes hasta la actualidad. A continuación se describe la evolución en Estados Unidos, Canadá, Europa y Japón de los distintos elementos que componen la ISR: los índices y fondos de inversión socialmente responsables. Nos interesará, principalmente, comparar la rentabilidad de los principales índices bursátiles con los índices socialmente responsables, y examinar el crecimiento del patrimonio invertido en los distintos productos financieros de ISR existentes, básicamente fondos de inversión y planes de pensiones. Posteriormente se analizan los principales factores que pueden determinar el crecimiento de este mercado, haciendo especial referencia a España, donde este tipo de inversión permanece todavía en un estado embrionario. En cualquier caso, las consideraciones de este apartado son válidas para cualquier país. Por último, se apuntan las principales implicaciones empresariales de la ISR. Destacamos en este punto la influencia sobre la reputación y los costes de la empresa que puede suponer el crecimiento de la ISR.

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    Paper provided by IESE Business School in its series IESE Research Papers with number D/464.

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    Length: 32 pages
    Date of creation: 23 Apr 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0464
    Contact details of provider: Postal: IESE Business School, Av Pearson 21, 08034 Barcelona, SPAIN
    Web page: http://www.iese.edu/

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    1. Bauer, Bob & Koedijk, Kees & Otten, Roger, 2002. "International Evidence on Ethical Mutual Fund Performance and Investment Style," CEPR Discussion Papers 3452, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Scholtens, Bert, 2001. "Greenlining: economic and environmental effects of government facilitated lending to sustainable economic activities in the Netherlands," Research Report 01E04, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
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