Efficiency Gaps, Love of Variety and International Trade
We develop a general equilibrium monopolistic competition model of trade with technical heterogeneity among firms and countries. With free entry, technical asymmetries between firms result in the endogenous determination of the equilibrium average efficiency of the industry. We show that trade reduces (increases) the minimum efficiency required to survive in the more (less) efficient country. This has important welfare implications: (1) Contrary to the constant elasticity of substitution homogeneous-firms model, trade affects welfare even when there is no love of variety. (2) There are circumstances in which trade liberalization leads to a loss of consumer welfare. Copyright 2001 by The London School of Economics and Political Science
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
|Date of creation:||Oct 1998|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Dundee, DD1 4HN|
Phone: (01382) 344375
Fax: (01382) 344691
Web page: http://www.dundee.ac.uk/econman/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Mueller,Dennis C., 2009.
"Profits in the Long Run,"
Cambridge University Press, number 9780521101592, December.
- Romer, Paul, 1994.
"New goods, old theory, and the welfare costs of trade restrictions,"
Journal of Development Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 5-38, February.
- Paul M. Romer, 1993. "New Goods, Old Theory, and the Welfare Costs of Trade Restrictions," NBER Working Papers 4452, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- David Dollar & Edward N. Wolff, 1993. "Competitiveness, Convergence, and International Specialization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262041359, March.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dun:dpaper:090. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Andrzej Kwiatkowski)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.