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The Changing Impact of Marriage and Children on Women’s Labor Force Participation

Author

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  • Saul D. Hoffman

    () (Department of Economics,University of Delaware)

Abstract

Cohany and Sok recently reported that the labor force participation rate of married women with children, and especially married women with very young children, declined between 1997 and 2005. In contrast, recent work by Boushey showed that the negative impact of children on work by women age 25-44 declined, rather than increased, in the two decades between 1984 and 2004. In this paper, I examine the interactive effects of marriage and children on women’s labor force participation rates between 1984 and 2004. I show that the presence of children of virtually any age has had a declining negative impact on work for single women and an increasing negative impact for married women. Both of these changes occurred primarily in the 1993-2000 period and have been maintained through 2004, but not at the 1993-2000 rate of increase.

Suggested Citation

  • Saul D. Hoffman, 2008. "The Changing Impact of Marriage and Children on Women’s Labor Force Participation," Working Papers 08-19, University of Delaware, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:dlw:wpaper:08-19.
    as

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    File URL: http://graduate.lerner.udel.edu/sites/default/files/ECON/PDFs/RePEc/dlw/WorkingPapers/2008/UDWP2008-19.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Saul D. Hoffman & Laurence S. Seidman, 2003. "Helping Working Families: The Earned Income Tax Credit," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number hwf, November.
    2. Heather Boushey, 2005. "Are Women Opting Out? Debunking the Myth," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs 2005-36, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Macunovich, Diane J., 2009. "Reversals in the Patterns of Women's Labor Supply in the U.S., 1976-2009," IZA Discussion Papers 4512, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labor Force Participation; Women and Work; Marriage;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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