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Protección Social y Empleo en América Latina: Estudio sobre la Base de Encuestas de Hogares

Author

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  • Leonardo Gasparini

    () (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) FCE - UNLP)

Abstract

La protección social está usualmente ligada a las condiciones de empleo. En este trabajo se caracteriza a los niveles, tendencias y estructura de la protección social de los trabajadores en América Latina, con especial énfasis en la relación entre protección y condición de empleo. Para ello se trabaja sobre una muestra de encuestas de hogares de varios países de la región: Argentina, Brasil, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, México, Nicaragua y Perú. El trabajo presenta un conjunto de estadísticas sobre cobertura de contratos, duración del vínculo laboral, derechos de jubilación, indemnizaciones, seguro de desempleo, seguro de salud, sindicalización y programas de asistencia social para distintos grupos laborales, para cada país y cada año. Se enfatiza la utilidad de las encuestas de hogares como fuentes de información para estudios representativos sobre protección social y empleo, pese a que se destacan las deficiencias que todavía tienen estas encuestas en términos de cobertura y comparabilidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Gasparini, 2005. "Protección Social y Empleo en América Latina: Estudio sobre la Base de Encuestas de Hogares," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0017, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0017
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. L. C. Gasparini, 2002. "Microeconometric decompositions of aggregate variables: an application to labour informality in Argentina," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(18), pages 2257-2266.
    2. Morley, Samuel A., 2001. "The income distribution problem in Latin America and the Caribbean," Libros de la CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 65 edited by Eclac, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Walter Sosa Escudero & Anil K. Bera, 2008. "Tests for Unbalanced Error Component Models Under Local Misspecication," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0065, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    2. Monserrat Bustelo, 2004. "Caracterización de los Cambios en la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en Argentina Haciendo Uso de Técnicas de Descomposiciones Microeconometricas (1992-2001)," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0013, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    3. Ricardo Bebczuk, 2009. "SME Access to Credit in Guatemala and Nicaragua: Challenging Conventional Wisdom with New Evidence," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0080, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    protección; informalidad; empleo; América Latina.;

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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