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L’Emploi, le Chômage et les Conditions d’Activité en République Démocratique du Congo : Principaux résultats de la phase 1 de l’Enquête 1-2-3 2004-2005

Author

Listed:
  • Thimotée Makabu Ma Nkenda

    () (Institut National de la Statistique en RDC)

  • Martin Mba

    () (Institut National de la Statistique du Cameroun)

  • Constance Torelli

    () (DIAL)

Abstract

(english) Democratic Republic of Congo has known dramatic events for the last three decades. Statistical social economic data did not exist really or not available in the period. The Labour force survey, the first phase of the 1-2-3 survey, carried out in 2004-2005 and conducted by the National Statistic Institute provides for the first time a detailed picture of the main characteristics of employment and unemployment in the country. This study, which presents the principal results of the survey, helps highlight the major structural characteristics of the urban and rural labour markets. By identifying their main shortcomings (early labour force participation for children, distortion between young people's expectations and real recruitment prospects, discrimination against women, inefficiency of placement services for the unemployed, generalisation of under-employment, the place of the informal sector, etc.), the study opens up new possibilities for defining policies designed to improve the way labour markets work in DRC. _________________________________ (français) La République Démocratique du Congo a connu une histoire très mouvementée au cours des trois dernières décennies. Les données statistiques socio-économiques de base ont été quasi inexistantes durant la période. L’enquête emploi, première phase du dispositif d’enquête 1-2-3 menée en 2004- 2005 par l’Institut National de la Statistique fournit pour la première fois une image détaillée des principales caractéristiques de l’activité et du chômage dans le pays. Cette étude, qui présente les principaux résultats de l’enquête, permet de mettre en évidence les grandes caractéristiques structurelles du marché du travail en milieu urbain et en milieu rural. En identifiant leurs principales défaillances (mise au travail précoce des enfants, désajustements entre les attentes des jeunes et les perspectives réelles d’embauche, discrimination à l’encontre des femmes, inefficacité des services de placement des chômeurs, généralisation du sous-emploi, place du secteur informel, etc.), l’analyse ouvre des pistes pour la définition de politiques visant à améliorer le fonctionnement du marché du travail en RDC.

Suggested Citation

  • Thimotée Makabu Ma Nkenda & Martin Mba & Constance Torelli, 2007. "L’Emploi, le Chômage et les Conditions d’Activité en République Démocratique du Congo : Principaux résultats de la phase 1 de l’Enquête 1-2-3 2004-2005," Working Papers DT/2007/14, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200714
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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2007/2007-14
    File Function: First version, 2007
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Travail; chômage; secteur informel; Afrique de l’Ouest; Labour; Unemployment; Informal Sector; West Africa.;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition

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