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Automated Estimation of Vector Error Correction Models

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Abstract

Model selection and associated issues of post-model selection inference present well known challenges in empirical econometric research. These modeling issues are manifest in all applied work but they are particularly acute in multivariate time series settings such as cointegrated systems where multiple interconnected decisions can materially affect the form of the model and its interpretation. In cointegrated system modeling, empirical estimation typically proceeds in a stepwise manner that involves the determination of cointegrating rank and autoregressive lag order in a reduced rank vector autoregression followed by estimation and inference. This paper proposes an automated approach to cointegrated system modeling that uses adaptive shrinkage techniques to estimate vector error correction models with unknown cointegrating rank structure and unknown transient lag dynamic order. These methods enable simultaneous order estimation of the cointegrating rank and autoregressive order in conjunction with oracle-like efficient estimation of the cointegrating matrix and transient dynamics. As such they offer considerable advantages to the practitioner as an automated approach to the estimation of cointegrated systems. The paper develops the new methods, derives their limit theory, reports simulations and presents an empirical illustration with macroeconomic aggregates.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhipeng Liao & Peter C.B. Phillips, 2012. "Automated Estimation of Vector Error Correction Models," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1873, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1873
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    1. Athanasopoulos, George & de Carvalho Guillén, Osmani Teixeira & Issler, João Victor & Vahid, Farshid, 2011. "Model selection, estimation and forecasting in VAR models with short-run and long-run restrictions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 164(1), pages 116-129, September.
    2. Cheng, Xu & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2012. "Cointegrating rank selection in models with time-varying variance," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 169(2), pages 155-165.
    3. Leeb, Hannes & Potscher, Benedikt M., 2008. "Sparse estimators and the oracle property, or the return of Hodges' estimator," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 201-211, January.
    4. Leeb, Hannes & P tscher, Benedikt M., 2005. "Model Selection And Inference: Facts And Fiction," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(01), pages 21-59, February.
    5. Xu Cheng & P eter C. B. Phillips, 2009. "Semiparametric cointegrating rank selection," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(s1), pages 83-104, January.
    6. Chao, John C. & Phillips, Peter C. B., 1999. "Model selection in partially nonstationary vector autoregressive processes with reduced rank structure," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 227-271, August.
    7. Johansen, Soren, 1995. "Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774501.
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. My "Must Read" List
      by Dave Giles in Econometrics Beat: Dave Giles' Blog on 2012-09-27 06:33:00

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lu, Xun & Su, Liangjun, 2016. "Shrinkage estimation of dynamic panel data models with interactive fixed effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(1), pages 148-175.
    2. Tu, Yundong & Yi, Yanping, 2017. "Forecasting cointegrated nonstationary time series with time-varying variance," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 196(1), pages 83-98.
    3. Peter C.B. Phillips & Zhipeng Liao, 2012. "Series Estimation of Stochastic Processes: Recent Developments and Econometric Applications," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1871, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    4. Wilms, Ines & Croux, Christophe, 2016. "Forecasting using sparse cointegration," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 1256-1267.
    5. Smeekes, Stephan & Wijler, Etiënne, 2016. "Macroeconomic Forecasting Using Penalized Regression Methods," Research Memorandum 039, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    6. Medeiros, Marcelo C. & Mendes, Eduardo F., 2016. "ℓ1-regularization of high-dimensional time-series models with non-Gaussian and heteroskedastic errors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 191(1), pages 255-271.
    7. Chatterjee, A. & Gupta, S. & Lahiri, S.N., 2015. "On the residual empirical process based on the ALASSO in high dimensions and its functional oracle property," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 317-324.
    8. Lenard Lieb & Stephan Smeekes, 2017. "Inference for Impulse Responses under Model Uncertainty," Papers 1709.09583, arXiv.org.
    9. Qian, Junhui & Su, Liangjun, 2016. "Shrinkage estimation of common breaks in panel data models via adaptive group fused Lasso," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 191(1), pages 86-109.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Adaptive shrinkage; Automation; Cointegrating rank; Lasso regression; Oracle efficiency; Transient dynamics; Vector error correction;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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