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The Relative Price of Non-traded Goods in an Imperfectly Competitive Economy: Empirical Evidence for G7 Countries


  • Coto-Martinez, J.
  • Reboredo, J. C.


In this paper, we consider the role of imperfect competition in explaining the relative price of non-traded to traded goods within the Balassa-Samuelson framework. Under imperfect competition in the two sectors, relative prices depend on both productivity differentials and mark-up differentials. We test this implication using a panel of sectors for the seven major OECD countries. The empirical evidence suggests that relative price movements are well explained by productivity and mark-up differentials. Unlike the original Balassa-Samuelson model, aggregate demand could affect the real exchange rate by changing the mark ups. The empirical results show that aggregate demand fluctuations lead to changes on the mark-ups.

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  • Coto-Martinez, J. & Reboredo, J. C., 2007. "The Relative Price of Non-traded Goods in an Imperfectly Competitive Economy: Empirical Evidence for G7 Countries," Working Papers 07/14, Department of Economics, City University London.
  • Handle: RePEc:cty:dpaper:07/14

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael B. Devereux, 1997. "Real Exchange Rates and Macroeconomics: Evidence and Theory," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 773-808, November.
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    5. Froot, Kenneth A. & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Perspectives on PPP and long-run real exchange rates," Handbook of International Economics,in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 32, pages 1647-1688 Elsevier.
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    11. Menzie David Chinn, 1997. "Sectoral Productivity, Government Spending and Real Exchange Rates: Empirical Evidence for OECD Countries," NBER Working Papers 6017, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. DeLoach, Stephen B, 2001. "More Evidence in Favor of the Balassa-Samuelson Hypothesis," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(2), pages 336-342, May.
    13. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1991. "Structural Determinants of Real Exchange Rates and National Price Levels: Some Empirical Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(1), pages 325-334, March.
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