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Quelle place pour les incitations dans la gestion du personnel enseignant?

Author

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  • Françoise LARRÉ
  • Jean-Michel PLASSARD

Abstract

A l’heure de l’économie du savoir et de la connaissance, l’éducation est devenue un enjeu majeur et l’enseignement a acquis une place centrale dans le processus de production d’éducation. Dans ces conditions, sont recherchés les moyens d’augmenter la performance des enseignants afin d’améliorer les résultats scolaires des élèves. La mise en place de structures incitatives (notamment la rémunération à la performance) est souvent suggérée mais les études démontrant l’efficacité des incitations restent mitigées. Cet article propose une revue de la littérature théorique et empirique sur la façon dont les incitations affectent le comportement des enseignants. Les arguments pour et contre la mise en incitation des enseignants sont étudiés. En particulier, nous examinons i) les difficultés à contrôler et à évaluer la performance des enseignants, ii) la question du travail en équipe dans un contexte d’individualisation de la performance et iii) le problème du multitâches lorsque les incitations portent sur seulement quelques tâches.

Suggested Citation

  • Françoise LARRÉ & Jean-Michel PLASSARD, 2008. "Quelle place pour les incitations dans la gestion du personnel enseignant?," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2008035, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2008035
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/2008035.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Michel Plassard & Nhu Tran Thi Thanh, 2009. "Liberté de choix des élèves et concurrence des établissements : un survey de l'analyse du pilotage des systèmes éducatifs par les quasi-marchés," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 99-130.
    2. Erwan Queinnec, 2011. "Do Not-For-Profit Organizations Meet A Demand For Trust Goods ? A Reappraisal Of The Contract Failure Theory
      [Resoudre Un Probleme D’Asymetrie D’Information En S’Abstenant De Faire Du Profit : Les
      ," CEPN Working Papers hal-01367931, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rémunération à la performance; incitations; enseignants; évaluation; individualisation; multitâches;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
    • M52 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects

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