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Une analyse économique de la sécession

  • Grégoire ROTA GRAZIOSI

    (Faculté de Droit et Sciences Economiques, Université de Franche-Comté)

Cet article propose une analyse économique de la sécession. Il s'inspire des travaux d'Alesina et Spolaore (1997), de Berkowitz (1997) et de Bolton et Roland (1997). Le raisonnement mené au niveau des Etats est largement transférable aux collectivités locales (régions, villes,...). Le recours à une représentation spatiale de la population nous permet d'appréhender l'hétérogénéité des préférences individuelles en matière de bien public. Le pays est supposé divisé en deux régions. La décision de sécession résulte d'un arbitrage individuel entre pression fiscale et localisation du bien public local, cet arbitrage évoluant selon la taille et le découpage régional du pays. En l'absence de disparités de revenus, nous montrons que le centre, la plus grande des deux régions, est davantage enclin à l'indépendance. Une approche normative, en terme de surplus, conclut notre analyse en appréciant l'efficacité économique du processus démocratique. Il apparaît alors que toute sécession unilatérale réduit le bien-être des deux régions.

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File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/2001034.pdf
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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2001034.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2001034
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  1. DREZE , Jacques H., 1993. "Regions of Europe : A Feasible Status, to be discussed," CORE Discussion Papers 1993037, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Hochman, Oded & Pines, David & Thisse, Jacques-François, 1994. "On the Optimal Structure of Local Governments," CEPR Discussion Papers 899, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Feinstein, Jonathan S, 1992. "Public-Good Provision and Political Stability in Europe," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 323-29, May.
  4. Berkowitz, Daniel, 1997. "Regional income and secession: Center-periphery relations in emerging market economies," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 17-45, February.
  5. Bordignon, Massimo & Brusco, Sandro, 1999. "Optimal secession rules," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-51, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Bolton, Patrick & Roland, Gerard & Spolaore, Enrico, 1996. "Economic theories of the break-up and integration of nations," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 697-705, April.
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