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Parental Income and School Attendance in a Low-Income Country : A Semi-parametric Analysis

  • Denis Cogneau

    (Crest)

  • Eric Maurin

    (Crest)

Using data covering three successive generations of Malagasy people, we construct a new semiparametric estimator of the effect of parental income on the decision to send children to school. We propose new tests of simultaneity and hereditary biases affecting the usual estimates of this effect. We reveal the importance of the first type of bias. Our estimates show that the existing literature underestimates the real effect of family resources on decisions as to whether or not to send children to school by not taking enough account of the simultaneity of income formation processes and schooling decisions. _________________________________ Utilisant des données sur trois générations successives de Malgaches, nous construisons un nouvel estimateur semi-paramétrique de l’effet du revenu parental sur la décision de scolariser les enfants. Nous proposons de nouveaux tests de biais de simultanéité et d’hérédité affectant les estimations usuelles de cet effet. Nous révélons l’importance du premier type de biais : selon nos estimations, en prenant insuffisamment en compte la simultanéité des processus de formation de revenu et des décisions de scolarisation, la littérature existante sous-estime l’effet réel des ressources familiales sur les décisions d’envoyer ou non les enfants à l’école.

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Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2001-08.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2001-08
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