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Crossing the Rio Grande: Migrations, Business Cycles and the Welfare State

Author

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  • Canova, Fabio
  • Ravn, Morten O

Abstract

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects of an inflow of low-skilled workers into an economy where there is capital accumulation, endogenous labour supply and heterogeneous workers. We find substantial dynamic effects, with adjustments that resemble those triggered by a sudden disruption of the capital stock and significant long-run changes. We examine the interactions between migration and three different redistribution systems and find that these schemes change the dynamics and lead to prolonged periods of adjustments. The aggregate welfare implications of migration are sensitive to the redistribution system. Without redistribution there are gains and when the state engages in redistribution gains disappear and different types of agents bear the costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Canova, Fabio & Ravn, Morten O, 1998. "Crossing the Rio Grande: Migrations, Business Cycles and the Welfare State," CEPR Discussion Papers 2040, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2040
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    Cited by:

    1. Rojas, Juan A., 2002. "Immigration and the pension system in Spain," UC3M Working papers. Economics we023916, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    2. Juan A. Rojas, 2004. "On the Interaction between Education and Social Security," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 7(4), pages 932-957, October.
    3. Kjetil Storesletten, 2003. "Fiscal Implications of Immigration-A Net Present Value Calculation," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 105(3), pages 487-506, September.
    4. Fabio Canova & Morten Ravn, 2000. "The Macroeconomic Effects of German Unification: Real Adjustments and the Welfare State," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 3(3), pages 423-460, July.
    5. Casarico, Alessandra & Devillanova, Carlo, 2003. "Social security and migration with endogenous skill upgrading," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(3-4), pages 773-797, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business Cycles; heterogeneous agents; Migration; Welfare State;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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