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Evaluación de impacto del Programa Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar del ICBF

Author

Listed:
  • Raquel Bernal

    ()

  • Camila Fernández

    ()

  • Carmen Elisa Flórez

    ()

  • Alejandro Gaviria

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se presentan los principales resultados de la evaluación de impacto del programa Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar del ICBF. Durante el año 2007 el equipo de la Universidad de los Andes y PROFAMILIA recolectó información sobre 28,000 niños entre participantes y potenciales participantes del programa y evaluó los efectos de la intervención sobre variables de estado nutricional, salud, desarrollo cognitivo y psicosocial de los niños. Los resultados indican que existe un efecto positivo del programa sobre el estado nutricional de los niños medido como la probabilidad de desnutrición crónica de dos a tres puntos porcentuales para niños entre los 2 y 4 años de edad únicamente. Se reporta, así mismo, un efecto negativo sobre el estado de salud medida con base en la prevalencia de EDA e IRA al comparar niños participantes con no participantes. Sin embargo, este efecto negativo se reduce con la duración de la exposición al programa. Los resultados también indican efectos positivos sobre el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños con exposiciones de al menos 15 meses al programa y efectos positivos de mediano plazo medidos como ganancias en las pruebas estandarizadas SABER en quinto grado de primaria. Finalmente, se observan mejoras significativas en desarrollo psicosocial, específicamente aumentos en la interacción adecuada con pares y disminuciones en conductas de aislamiento para niños con más de 15 meses de exposición al programa.

Suggested Citation

  • Raquel Bernal & Camila Fernández & Carmen Elisa Flórez & Alejandro Gaviria, 2009. "Evaluación de impacto del Programa Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar del ICBF," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 005854, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:005854
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2009-16.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Bernal, Raquel & Fernández, Camila, 2013. "Subsidized childcare and child development in Colombia: Effects of Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar as a function of timing and length of exposure," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 241-249.
    2. Diana Lopez-Avila, 2016. "Child Discipline and Social Programs: Evidence from Colombia," Working Papers halshs-01305961, HAL.
    3. Harold Alderman, 2011. "No Small Matter : The Impact of Poverty, Shocks, and Human Capital Investments in Early Childhood Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2266, July.
    4. Jef L. Leroy & Paola Gadsden & Maite Guijarro, 2012. "The impact of daycare programmes on child health, nutrition and development in developing countries: a systematic review," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 472-496, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Programas de primera infancia; evaluación de impacto; nutrición; salud; desarrollo cognitivo; desarrollo psicosocial;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy

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