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Impacto del programa familia guardabosques sobre la criminalidad

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  • Catalina Martínez Gutiérrez

    ()

Abstract

Existe una relación de doble causalidad entre el narcotráfico y la violencia en Colombia. Este trabajo propone un modelo teórico dinámico de portafolio sobre la actividad criminal, que explica la retroalimentación de los dos fenómenos a través de trampas de criminalidad, ocasionadas por bajos niveles de capital humano y capital social. Una política efectiva para abordar el problema debería lograr efectos tanto sobre el narcotráfico como sobre la violencia, para poder romper estas trampas. Diferentes evaluaciones económicas han aportado evidencia en favor de la eficiencia del desarrollo alternativo para disminuir la incidencia del narcotráfico. Este trabajo estudia el efecto que el programa de desarrollo alternativo Familias Guardabosques ha tenido sobre la violencia. Se encuentra que la vinculación al Programa Familias Guardabosques disminuye la tasa de homicidios por cada cien mil habitantes a nivel municipal en sus fases I y II, mientras que el efecto no es significativo en sus fases III y IV, cuando disminuye el incentivo económico entregado a las familias beneficiarias.

Suggested Citation

  • Catalina Martínez Gutiérrez, 2008. "Impacto del programa familia guardabosques sobre la criminalidad," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 005221, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:005221
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2008-26.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters,in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Coca; Colombia; desarrollo alternativo; criminalidad; capital humano; capital social; Programa Familias Guardabosques;

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • D19 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Other
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

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