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Impacto del programa familia guardabosques sobre la criminalidad

Listed author(s):
  • Catalina Martínez Gutiérrez


Existe una relación de doble causalidad entre el narcotráfico y la violencia en Colombia. Este trabajo propone un modelo teórico dinámico de portafolio sobre la actividad criminal, que explica la retroalimentación de los dos fenómenos a través de trampas de criminalidad, ocasionadas por bajos niveles de capital humano y capital social. Una política efectiva para abordar el problema debería lograr efectos tanto sobre el narcotráfico como sobre la violencia, para poder romper estas trampas. Diferentes evaluaciones económicas han aportado evidencia en favor de la eficiencia del desarrollo alternativo para disminuir la incidencia del narcotráfico. Este trabajo estudia el efecto que el programa de desarrollo alternativo Familias Guardabosques ha tenido sobre la violencia. Se encuentra que la vinculación al Programa Familias Guardabosques disminuye la tasa de homicidios por cada cien mil habitantes a nivel municipal en sus fases I y II, mientras que el efecto no es significativo en sus fases III y IV, cuando disminuye el incentivo económico entregado a las familias beneficiarias.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 005221.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 27 Nov 2008
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:005221
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  1. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters,in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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