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Pro-Poor Growth And Pro-Poor Programs In Colombia

Author

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  • Jairo Nuñez

    ()

  • Silvia Espinosa

    ()

Abstract

This paper analyzes the relationship between growth, poverty and income distribution using household data for Colombia for the years 1996 to 2004. We study the relationship between growth, inequality and poverty by following the Poverty Equivalent Growth Rate (PEGR) methodology developed by Kakwani and Khandker, which considers both the magnitude of growth and the degree to which the poor benefit from the growth process. We also carry out a decomposition of the changes in poverty to better understand the effects of growth, distribution and migration on poverty. Once we have explored pro-poor growth, we move on to study the pro-poorness of Colombia´s main social programs using Kakwani and Son´s Pro-Poor Policy" index. The results show that growth in Colombia has generally been anti-poor, a consequence of high inequality in the urban sector and of low growth rates in the rural sector. Moreover, more than half of Colombia´s social programs are also anti-poor, benefiting the non-poor to a larger extent than the poor"

Suggested Citation

  • Jairo Nuñez & Silvia Espinosa, 2005. "Pro-Poor Growth And Pro-Poor Programs In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003379, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:003379
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/d2005-51.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hyun H. Son & Nanak Kakwani, 2004. "Economic growth and poverty reduction: initial conditions matter," Working Papers 2, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    2. Nanak Kakwani & Hyun H. Son, 2005. "On assessing pro-poorness of government programmes:international comparisons," Working Papers 6, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hernandez, Gustavo Adolfo & Nunez, Jairo & Gonzalez, Nestor, 2007. "¿Es posible alcanzar los Objetivos del Milenio en Colombia? Una evaluación de estrategias de focalización y financiamiento," MPRA Paper 28432, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Jairo Augusto NUÑEZ-MENDEZ & N´estor Gonz´alez & Gustavo Hernández, 2007. "¿Es posible alcanzar los objetivos del Milenio en Colombia? Una evaluación de estrategias de focalización y financiamiento," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011218, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    3. Jairo Núñez & Néstor González, 2006. "Colombia En El Contexto De Las Metas Del Milenio: Tropiezos, Logros Y El Camino Hacia Adelante," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002136, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    4. Roberto Steiner & Irene Clavijo & Natalia Salazar, 2008. "Colombia´s Efforts at Achieving Inclusive and Sustainable Growth: The Road Traveled and the Challenges Ahead," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 009058, FEDESARROLLO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Growth; poverty; inequality; social expenditure;

    JEL classification:

    • D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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