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Non-Traded Asset Valuation with Portfolio Constraints: A Binomial Approach

  • Jérôme B. Detemple
  • Suresh Sundaresan
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    We provide a simple binomial framework to value American-style derivatives subject to trading restrictions. The optimal investment of liquid wealth is solved simultaneously with the early exercise decision of the non-traded derivative. No-short-sales constraints on the underlying asset manifest themselves in the form of an implicit dividend yield in the risk neutralized process for the underlying asset. One consequence is that American call options may be optimally exercised prior to maturity even when the underlying asset pays no dividends. Applications to executive compensation options are presented. We also analyze non-traded payoffs based on a price that is imperfectly correlated with the price of a traded asset. Cet article développe un modèle binomial d'évaluation des titres dérivés américains en présence de contraintes d'investissement. Les politiques optimales d'investissement et d'exercice du titre dérivé non-marchandé sont résolues de manière simultanée . La contrainte d'absence de ventes à découvert se manifeste sous forme d'un dividende implicite portant sur le processus neutre au risque de l'actif sous-jacent. Une des conséquences est l'optimalité possible de l'exercice avant l'expiration du contrat même lorsque l'actif sous-jacent ne paye pas de dividendes. Une application à l'évaluation des options de compensation des cadres d'entreprises est présentée. Nous étudions également l'évaluation de titres basés sur un prix qui est imparfaitement corrélé avec le prix d'un actif transigé.

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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/99s-08.pdf
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    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 99s-08.

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    Length: 52 pages
    Date of creation: 01 Mar 1999
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:99s-08
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    1. Merton, Robert C., 1971. "Optimum consumption and portfolio rules in a continuous-time model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 373-413, December.
    2. Jennifer Carpenter, 1997. "The Optimal Dynamic Investment Policy for a Fund Manager Compensated with an Incentive Fee," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 97-11, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
    3. He, Hua, 1990. "Convergence from Discrete- to Continuous-Time Contingent Claims Prices," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 3(4), pages 523-46.
    4. Jennifer Carpenter, 1997. "The Exercise and Valuation of Executive Stock Options," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 97-10, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
    5. Robert C. Merton, 1973. "Theory of Rational Option Pricing," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 4(1), pages 141-183, Spring.
    6. Merton, Robert C, 1969. "Lifetime Portfolio Selection under Uncertainty: The Continuous-Time Case," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(3), pages 247-57, August.
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