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Monetary Policy and Macro-Prudential Regulation: The Risk-Sharing Paradigm

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  • Atif Mian

Abstract

How should monetary policy and macro-prudential regulation respond to the dangers of financial bubbles? I argue that bubbles - and their collapse - become a serious problem when there is inadequate risk-sharing. Neither monetary policy nor traditional macro-prudential regulation is designed to deal with this risk-sharing problem. Monetary policy has little hope of either accurately anticipating bubbles or dealing effectively with their consequences. Traditional approaches to macroprudential regulation are unlikely to succeed as they are based on the false premise that risk can always be quantified up front. I propose considering "ex-ante flexible contracting" as a longer-term response to the financial stability question.

Suggested Citation

  • Atif Mian, 2013. "Monetary Policy and Macro-Prudential Regulation: The Risk-Sharing Paradigm," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 713, Central Bank of Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:713
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mishkin, Frederic S., 1978. "The Household Balance Sheet and the Great Depression," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(04), pages 918-937, December.
    2. Atif Mian & Amir Sufi, 2011. "House Prices, Home Equity-Based Borrowing, and the US Household Leverage Crisis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 2132-2156, August.
    3. Atif Mian & Amir Sufi, 2009. "The Consequences of Mortgage Credit Expansion: Evidence from the U.S. Mortgage Default Crisis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 124(4), pages 1449-1496.
    4. Martha L. Olney, 1999. "Avoiding Default: The Role of Credit in the Consumption Collapse of 1930," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(1), pages 319-335.
    5. Barry Eichengreen & Kris Mitchener, 2003. "The Great Depression as a credit boom gone wrong," BIS Working Papers 137, Bank for International Settlements.
    6. Atif R. Mian & Amir Sufi, 2012. "What explains high unemployment? The aggregate demand channel," NBER Working Papers 17830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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