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Nonlinear Dynamics in a Structural Model of Employment

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  • Simon Burgess

Abstract

Search and matching models imply that firms' employment adjustment costs depend on the tightness on the labour market, giving rise to endogenous or nonlinear dynamics in employment. This paper sets this argument out in detail, estimating a model simultaneously explaining the long-run level of employment and the nonlinear dynamics. The main implications of the estimated model are (i) the effect of a given shock to the long run level of employment is markedly different at different levels of employment, and (ii) asymmetric business cycles result with the downswing in employment being sharper and deeper than the upswing.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Burgess, 1991. "Nonlinear Dynamics in a Structural Model of Employment," CEP Discussion Papers dp0037, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0037
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    1. Blanchflower, D. & Oswald, A., 1990. "What Makes A Young Entrepreneur?," Papers 373, London School of Economics - Centre for Labour Economics.
    2. Victor R. Fuchs, 1982. "Self-Employment and Labor Force Participation of Older Males," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(3), pages 339-357.
    3. Evans, David S & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1989. "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 808-827, August.
    4. Kanbur, S M Ravi, 1982. "Entrepreneurial Risk Taking, Inequality, and Public Policy: An Application of Inequality Decomposition Analysis to the General Equilibrium Effects of Progressive Taxation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(1), pages 1-21, February.
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    7. Bruce D. Meyer, 1990. "Why Are There So Few Black Entrepreneurs?," NBER Working Papers 3537, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Moore, Robert L, 1983. "Employer Discrimination: Evidence from Self-Employed Workers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(3), pages 496-501, August.
    9. Edward P. Lazear & Robert L. Moore, 1984. "Incentives, Productivity, and Labor Contracts," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 99(2), pages 275-296.
    10. Marc Bendick Jr. & Mary Lou Egan, 1987. "Transfer Payment Diversion for Small Business Development: British and French Experience," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 40(4), pages 528-542, July.
    11. George J. Borjas, 1986. "The Self-Employment Experience of Immigrants," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(4), pages 485-506.
    12. Rees, Hedley & Shah, Anup, 1986. "An Empirical Analysis of Self-employment in the U.K," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 1(1), pages 95-108, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fabrice Collard & Patrick Fève & François Langot & Corinne Perraudin, 2002. "A structural model of US aggregate job flows," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(3), pages 197-223.
    2. Skalin, Joakim & Ter svirta, Timo, 2002. "Modeling Asymmetries And Moving Equilibria In Unemployment Rates," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, pages 202-241.
    3. Hamermesh, Daniel S & Pfann, Gerard A, 1996. "Turnover and the Dynamics of Labour Demand," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 63(251), pages 359-367, August.
    4. Akram,Q.F. & Nymoen,R., 2001. "Employment behaviour in slack and tight labour markets," Memorandum 27/2001, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    5. Gilles Dufrénot & Valérie Mignon, 2002. "La cointégration non linéaire : une note méthodologique," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, pages 117-137.
    6. Escribano, Álvaro & Mira, Santiago, 1997. "Nonlinear error correction models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 6206, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    7. Q. Farooq Akram & Øyvind Eitrheim & Lucio Sarno, 2005. "Non-linear dynamics in output, real exchange rates and real money balances: Norway, 1830-2003," Working Paper 2005/2, Norges Bank.
    8. Akram, Q. Farooq & Nymoen, Ragnar, 2006. "Econometric modelling of slack and tight labour markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 579-596, July.
    9. Shu-Chen Chang, 2010. "Effects of Asymmetric Adjustment Among Labor Productivity, Labor Demand, and Exchange Rate Using Threshold Cointegration Test," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(6), pages 55-68, November.
    10. Hansen, Bruce E, 1999. " Testing for Linearity," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(5), pages 551-576, December.
    11. Ingvild Svendsen, 1998. "Rational Expectations in Price Setting. Tests Based on Norwegian Export Prices," Discussion Papers 226, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    12. Feve, Patrick, 2002. "Solving labor demand models under asymmetric adjustment costs," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 797-809, May.
    13. Burgess, Simon M. & Escribano, Álvaro & Pfann, Gerard A., 1993. "Asymmetric and time-varying error-correction: an application to labour demand in the UK," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 3681, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    14. Akram, Qaisar Farooq, 2005. "Multiple unemployment equilibria and asymmetric dynamics--Norwegian evidence," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 263-283, June.
    15. Shu-Chen Chang, 2010. "Effects of Asymmetric Adjustment Among Labor Productivity, Labor Demand, and Exchange Rate Using Threshold Cointegration Test," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(6), pages 55-68, November.

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