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Nonlinear Dynamics in a Structural Model of Employment

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  • Burgess, S M

Abstract

Search and matching models imply that firms' employment adjustment costs depend on the tightness of the labor market, giving rise to endogenous or nonlinear dynamics in employment. This paper sets this argument out in detail, estimating a model simultaneously explaining the long-run level of employment and the nonlinear dynamics. The main implications of the estimated model are (1) the effect of a given shock to the long-run level of employment is markedly different at different levels of employment, and (2) asymmetric business cycles result with the downswing in employment being sharper and deeper than the upswing Copyright 1992 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Burgess, S M, 1992. "Nonlinear Dynamics in a Structural Model of Employment," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(S), pages 101-118, Suppl. De.
  • Handle: RePEc:jae:japmet:v:7:y:1992:i:s:p:s101-18
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    Cited by:

    1. Fabrice Collard & Patrick Fève & François Langot & Corinne Perraudin, 2002. "A structural model of US aggregate job flows," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(3), pages 197-223.
    2. Skalin, Joakim & Ter svirta, Timo, 2002. "Modeling Asymmetries And Moving Equilibria In Unemployment Rates," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(02), pages 202-241, April.
    3. Hamermesh, Daniel S & Pfann, Gerard A, 1996. "Turnover and the Dynamics of Labour Demand," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 63(251), pages 359-367, August.
    4. Akram,Q.F. & Nymoen,R., 2001. "Employment behaviour in slack and tight labour markets," Memorandum 27/2001, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    5. Gilles Dufrénot & Valérie Mignon, 2002. "La cointégration non linéaire : une note méthodologique," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 155(4), pages 117-137.
    6. Escribano, Álvaro & Mira, Santiago, 1997. "Nonlinear error correction models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 6206, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    7. Q. Farooq Akram & Øyvind Eitrheim & Lucio Sarno, 2005. "Non-linear dynamics in output, real exchange rates and real money balances: Norway, 1830-2003," Working Paper 2005/2, Norges Bank.
    8. Akram, Q. Farooq & Nymoen, Ragnar, 2006. "Econometric modelling of slack and tight labour markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 579-596, July.
    9. Shu-Chen Chang, 2010. "Effects of Asymmetric Adjustment Among Labor Productivity, Labor Demand, and Exchange Rate Using Threshold Cointegration Test," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(6), pages 55-68, November.
    10. Hansen, Bruce E, 1999. " Testing for Linearity," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(5), pages 551-576, December.
    11. Ingvild Svendsen, 1998. "Rational Expectations in Price Setting. Tests Based on Norwegian Export Prices," Discussion Papers 226, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    12. Feve, Patrick, 2002. "Solving labor demand models under asymmetric adjustment costs," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 797-809, May.
    13. Burgess, Simon M. & Escribano, Álvaro & Pfann, Gerard A., 1993. "Asymmetric and time-varying error-correction: an application to labour demand in the UK," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 3681, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    14. Akram, Qaisar Farooq, 2005. "Multiple unemployment equilibria and asymmetric dynamics--Norwegian evidence," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 263-283, June.
    15. Shu-Chen Chang, 2010. "Effects of Asymmetric Adjustment Among Labor Productivity, Labor Demand, and Exchange Rate Using Threshold Cointegration Test," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(6), pages 55-68, November.

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