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Sovereign GDP-linked bonds


  • Benford, James

    (Bank of England)

  • Joy, Mark

    (Bank of England)

  • Kruger, Mark

    (Bank of Canada)


While the idea of governments issuing financial instruments whose repayments are indexed to gross domestic product (GDP) is not new, the current global backdrop of high sovereign debt coupled with low interest rates and weak and uncertain nominal growth prospects suggests the case for doing so may be especially strong now. This paper discusses the pros and cons of GDP-linked bonds, looks at when it might be most beneficial to issue, how investors might benefit, and possible ways of addressing the first-mover problem. The aim of this paper is to stimulate debate rather than provide answers.

Suggested Citation

  • Benford, James & Joy, Mark & Kruger, Mark, 2016. "Sovereign GDP-linked bonds," Bank of England Financial Stability Papers 39, Bank of England.
  • Handle: RePEc:boe:finsta:0039

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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. GDP-linked Bonds: A Primer
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2017-01-16 19:45:07


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Consiglio, Andrea & Zenios, Stavros A., 2018. "Pricing and hedging GDP-linked bonds in incomplete markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 137-155.
    2. Yongo Kwon, 2019. "Nominal GDP growth indexed bonds: Business Cycle and Welfare Effects within the Framework of New Keynesian DSGE model," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 504, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
    3. Alina-Georgeta AILINCA, 2018. "Suggesting Some Indicators For A Better Measurement Of Public Debt Sustainability," Contemporary Economy Journal, Constantin Brancoveanu University, vol. 3(3), pages 213-222.
    4. Nicolas Carnot & St├ęphanie Pamies Sumner, 2017. "GDP-linked Bonds: Some Simulations on EU Countries," European Economy - Discussion Papers 2015 - 073, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    5. Pablo A. Gluzmann & Martin M. Guzman & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2018. "An Analysis of Puerto Rico's Debt Relief Needs to Restore Debt Sustainability," NBER Working Papers 25256, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Eguren Martin, Fernando & Meldrum, Andrew & Yan, Wen, 2021. "No-Arbitrage pricing of GDP-Linked bonds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    7. Christophe Destais, 2017. "Are State-Contingent Sovereign Bonds the Solution to Avoid Government Debt Crisis?," CEPII Policy Brief 2017-19, CEPII research center.

    More about this item


    Sovereign debt; sovereign default; fiscal policy; debt management; GDP-linked bonds;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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