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Las capacidades financieras de la población colombiana

  • Estaban Gómez González

    ()

  • Nancy Zamudio Gómez

    ()

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    La inclusión financiera se ha convertido en un tema cada vez más relevante dentro de la agenda pública del país, y con esto el diseño de iniciativas privadas y públicas para fomentarla. El presente documento está fundamentado en la tesis de que para hacer estas políticas más eficientes y eficaces, es necesario contar con buenas mediciones de las capacidades financieras de la población, las cuales no se limitan exclusivamente al conocimiento de temas financieros, sino que abarcan, en un sentido más amplio, actitudes y comportamientos de los agentes frente a temas como manejo del dinero, planificación a futuro, escogencia de productos, entre otros. Prueba de esto es que, utilizando información de la Encuesta de Carga Financiera y Educación de los Hogares (IEFIC) para el periodo 2010-2011, se encuentra que personas de altos ingresos o alta escolaridad, que se caracterizan por altos niveles de alfabetismo financiero, también presentan patrones típicos de una persona financieramente incapaz. La continua elaboración de trabajos enfocados en este tipo de mediciones permitirá contar con información sobre las deficiencias de la población en estos temas, así como con la identificación de los grupos poblacionales sobre los cuales canalizar dichas políticas.

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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/be_725.pdf
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    Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 725.

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    Length: 31
    Date of creation: Jul 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:725
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    1. Annamaria Lusardi & Olivia S. Mitchell, 2005. "Financial Literacy and Planning: Implications for Retirement Wellbeing," CeRP Working Papers 46, Center for Research on Pensions and Welfare Policies, Turin (Italy).
    2. Annamaria Lusardi & Olivia S. Mitchell, 2008. "Planning and Financial Literacy: How Do Women Fare?," CeRP Working Papers 72, Center for Research on Pensions and Welfare Policies, Turin (Italy).
    3. M.C.J. van Rooij & A. Lusardi & R. Alessie, 2007. "Financial Literacy and Stock Market Participation," Working Papers 07-23, Utrecht School of Economics.
    4. Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman, 1979. "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk," Levine's Working Paper Archive 7656, David K. Levine.
    5. Lusardi, Annamaria & Mitchell, Olivia S., 2010. "How ordinary consumers make complex economic decisions: Financial literacy and retirement readiness," CFS Working Paper Series 2010/11, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    6. Annamaria Lusardi, 2011. "Americans' Financial Capability," NBER Working Papers 17103, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. John Ameriks & Andrew Caplin & John Leahy, 2003. "Wealth Accumulation And The Propensity To Plan," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 118(3), pages 1007-1047, August.
    8. Annamaria Lusardi & Peter Tufano, 2009. "Debt Literacy, Financial Experiences, and Overindebtedness," NBER Working Papers 14808, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Victor Stango & Jonathan Zinman, 2009. "Exponential Growth Bias and Household Finance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 64(6), pages 2807-2849, December.
    10. Pirmin Fessler & Martin Schürz & Karin Wagner & Beat Weber, 2007. "Financial Capability of Austrian Households," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 50–67.
    11. Annamaria Lusardi, 2010. "Financial Capability in the United States: Consumer Decision-Making and the Role of Social Security," Working Papers wp226, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
    12. Keeney, Mary J. & O’Donnell, Nuala, 2009. "Financial Capability:New Evidence for Ireland," Research Technical Papers 1/RT/09, Central Bank of Ireland.
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