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A Macro Theory of Employment Vouchers

Author

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  • J. Michael Orszag
  • Dennis J. Snower

Abstract

This paper explores the optimal design of subsidies for hiring unemployed workers ("employment vouchers" for short) in the context of a simple macroeconomic model of the labor market. Focusing on the short-term and long-term effects of the vouchers on employment and unemplkoyment, the analysis shows how the optimal policy depends on the rates of hiring and firing, and on the problems of deadweight and displacement. It also examines the roles of the government budget constraint and of the level of unemployment benefits in optimal policy design.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Michael Orszag & Dennis J. Snower, 1996. "A Macro Theory of Employment Vouchers," Archive Discussion Papers 9605, Birkbeck, Department of Economics, Mathematics & Statistics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bbk:bbkewp:9605
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    Cited by:

    1. Berthold, Norbert & Fehn, Rainer & Thode, Eric, 1999. "Rigide Arbeitsmärkte und ungleiche Einkommensverteilung: Ein unlösbares Dilemma?," Discussion Paper Series 31, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    2. Heitger, Bernhard & Stehn, Jürgen, 2003. "Trade, technical change, and labour market adjustment," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 3101, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Farhauer, Oliver, 2002. "Betriebsspezifisches Humanvermögen," Discussion Papers 2002/2, Technische Universität Berlin, School of Economics and Management.
    4. Herbertsson, Tryggvi Thor & Orszag, Mike, 2003. "The Early Retirement Burden: Assessing the Costs of the Continued Prevalence of Early Retirement in OECD Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 816, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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